• Achieving learning potentials in an educational simulation game for trading and generating electrical energy

      Delarue, Erik; Laga, L.; Meeus, Leonardo; Belmans, Ronnie; D'haeseleer, William (International Journal of Engineering Education, 2011)
      This paper presents and motivates the development of a techno-economic education package, consisting of two simulation games, to simulate both the trading and the generation of electricity in a liberalized market. Six attributes (storytelling; players as problem solvers and explorers; feedback; challenges that fit the student characteristics; competition; appropriate graphics and sounds) are relevant in order for simulation games to achieve their learning potentials. These attributes are identified within both developed simulation games.
    • Decarbonizing the European electric power sector by 2050: A tale of three studies

      Delarue, Erik; Meeus, Leonardo; Belmans, Ronnie; D'haeseleer, William; Glachant, Jean-Michel (2011)
      If Europe is serious about climate change, it has to reduce its overall greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, thereby effectively going to a (near-) zero carbon energy and thus, electricity system. The European Climate Foundation, Eurelectric, and the International Energy Agency have consequently published a study elaborating on the final goal of this transition. The studies project scenarios of how such a (near-) zero electricity system would look like and provide recommendations on the policies needed to guide the transition. In this paper, we observe that these studies tell a tale with many similarities. In spite of increased energy efficiency, the electricity demand is projected to increase substantially, with up to 50% from today towards 2050, due to shifts from other sectors towards electricity. This demand will be supplied by a minimum of 40% electricity generation by RES, with the remainder being filled up with nuclear and fossils with CCS. The importance of grid reinforcement, expansion, and planning in this context is emphasized in all three studies. While all three studies further recommend relying on the EU ETS for the transition, the European Climate Foundation and the International Energy Agency consider continuing with targets for RES in combination with a more harmonized EU RES support scheme.
    • Does more international transmission capacity increase competition in the Belgian electricity market

      Küpper, Gerd; Delarue, Erik; Delvaux, Bram; Meeus, Leonardo; Bekaert, David; Willems, Bert; Proost, Stef; D'haeseleer, William; Deketelaere, Kurt; Belmans, Ronnie (The Electricity Journal, 2009)
      From a national market perspective, taking transmission capacity into account reduces current concentration measures, although they remain fairly high even after substantial capacity increases. From an international perspective, a more efficient use of current transmission capacity by coupling regional markets can increase competition. That suggests it may not be appropriate to assess market concentration using national market shares.
    • Entry in European natural gas retail markets: accessing the right contract portfolio

      Keyaerts, Nico; Meeus, Leonardo; D'haeseleer, William (2009)
    • First results of the integrated european gas market: one for all or far from one

      Keyaerts, Nico; Meeus, Leonardo; D'haeseleer, William (2009)
    • How to increase cross border transmission capacity? A case study: Belgium

      Bekaert, David; Meeus, Leonardo; Van Hertem, Dirk; Delarue, Erik; Delvaux, Bram; Küpper, Gerd; Belmans, Ronnie; D'haeseleer, William; Deketelaere, Kurt; Proost, Stef (2009)
    • Techno-economic educational simulation games for trading and generating electrical energy

      Delarue, Erik; Laga, E.; Meeus, Leonardo; Belmans, Ronnie; D'haeseleer, William (2009)