• Co-ownership of intellectual property: Exploring the value-appropriation and value-creation implications of co-patenting with different partners

      Belderbos, Rene; Cassiman, Bruno; Faems, Dries; Leten, Bart; Van Looy, Bart (Research Policy, 2014)
      Combining both interview data and empirical analyses at the patent and firm levels, we explore the value-appropriation and value-creation implications of R&D collaboration resulting in the co-ownership of intellectual property (i.e. co-patents). We make an explicit distinction between three different types of co-patenting partners: intra-industry partners, inter-industry partners, and universities. Our findings indicate that the value-appropriation challenges of IP sharing are clearly evident with intra-industry co-patenting, where partners are more likely to encounter overlapping exploitation domains. Co-patenting with universities is associated with higher market value, since appropriation challenges are unlikely to play a role and collaboration may signal novel technological opportunities. Although we find some evidence that co-patenting corresponds to higher (patent) value, patents co-owned with firms are significantly less likely to receive self-citations, indicating constraints on the future exploitation and development of co-owned technologies.
    • Essays on firm valuation and value appropriation

      De Maeseneire, Wouter (2005)
      Sophisticated valuation techniques such as adjusted present value and real options, attract ever-increasing attention from theory and practice. A huge number of papers in the academic field provide various applications of these advanced tools, for instance valuing research and development, strategic alliances and real estate. Real options have also been used for valuing mergers and acquisitions. However, notwithstanding the rich knowledge about valuation models applicable for valuing takeovers, there remains a need to further develop theories about the distribution of the value creation between the target s and acquirer s shareholders. In other words, what part of the value creation can the acquirer appropriate? Strategic management literature underlines the impact of possessing unique capabilities, and both the strategic and financial literature emphasize the role of information asymmetry in explaining value appropriation in acquisitions. In this dissertation both simple and more complex valuation models are discussed, and we propose a real option-game model that analyzes the acquirer s value appropriation. In our valuation and value appropriation models, the specific resources and capabilities of the evaluator are considered. By explicitly taking the acquirer resources into account in the valuation analysis, and by developing a new application of a combined option-game model, this PhD thesis is taking a step in further bridging the gap between finance theory and strategic management.