• N.V. Röthlisberger. A, B, C, D en E, Gevallenstudie

      Ooghe, Hubert; De Bourdeaudhuij, C. (1995)
    • N.V. Sucrefin, Gevallenstudie

      Ooghe, Hubert; Donck, Frank (1990)
    • Naar een digitale transformatie van overheidsinstellingen: de case van VDAB

      Leroy, F.; Viaene, Stijn; Danneels, Lieselot (Vlaams Tijdschrift voor Overheidsmanagement, 2016)
    • Naar een nieuw balans tussen economie en ecologie: onderzoek over de economische impact van de luchthaven Brussel voor de Belgische economie

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; De Backer, Koen; Van Pottelsberghe, Bruno; Nysten, S.; Gille, J.; Molemaker, R.J. (2003)
    • Nabeschouwingen

      Debackere, Koenraad; Oosterlinck, André (2002)
    • National Accounts for the Low Countries: The Netherlands and Belgium, 1800-1990

      Buyst, Erik; Smits, J.; Van Zanden, J. (Scandinavian Economic History, 1995)
    • National institutions and the allocation of entrepreneurial effort

      Bowen, Harry; De Clercq, Dirk (2005)
      This paper examines how the allocation of entrepreneurial effort within a country is influenced by the country's institutional environment. We hypothesize that the likelihood that entrepreneurs launch a growth-oriented start-up is associated with the institutional environment in which entrepreneurs are embedded. We test our hypothesis using data on 44 countries over the three-year period from 2002 to 2004. The data are drawn from two sources: the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey. Our findings indicate that the likelihood of a growth-oriented start-up is positively related to a country's level of human capital targeted at entrepreneurship and the level of regulatory protection, but is negatively related to the extent of corruption and mistrust in public officials. JEL categories: D21, M13, O49 Keywords: institutions, entrepreneurship, resource, allocation
    • Navigating institutional complexity: The production of risk culture in the financial sector

      Palermo, Tommaso; Power, Michael; Ashby, Simon (Journal of Management Studies, 2017)
      Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the EGOS 2014 Colloquium, at research seminars at Copenhagen Business School and HEC Lausanne, and, under the title ‘Searching for Risk Culture’, as a keynote address at the SAMS/JMS annual conference on Managing Complexity Within and Across Organizational Boundaries at Cambridge University, March 2014. The authors are grateful for the helpful comments of Mats Alvesson, Roger Friedland, Matthew Hall, Silvia Jordan, Steve Maguire and Iain Munro, as well as the editors of the special issue of JMS on Managing Complexity. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the Chartered Insurance Institute (CII), the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) and the Lighthill Risk Network.
    • Navigating the culture theory jungle: divergence and convergence in models of national culture

      Nardon, Luciara (2006)
      Research on cultural differences in management has been facilitated and hindered by the existence of multiple models of national culture. In this paper we briefly review the most popular models of national culture, identify the convergences and divergences among them. We suggest that a clear need exists to seek convergence across the various models where it exists in ways that facilitate both research and meaningful cross-cultural comparisons. We seek such convergence by identifying five relative common themes that pervade the various models. Based on these themes, new country ratings are offered based on multiple evaluative strategies and tools.
    • Nearest neighbour propensity score matching and bootstrapping for estimating binary patient response in oncology: A Monte Carlo simulation

      Geldof, Tine; Dusan, Popovic; Van Damme, Nancy; Huys, Isabelle; Van Dyck, Walter (Scientific Reports: A Nature Research Journal, 2020)
      Nearest Neighbour (NN) propensity score (PS) matching methods are commonly used in pharmacoepidemiology to estimate treatment response using observational data. Unfortunately, there is limited evidence on the optimal approach for accurately estimating binary treatment response and, more so, to estimate its variance. Bootstrapping, although commonly used to accurately estimate variance, is rarely used together with PS matching. In this Monte Carlo simulation-based study, we examined the performance of bootstrapping used in conjunction with PS matching, as opposed to diferent NN matching techniques, on a simulated dataset exhibiting varying levels of real world complexity. Thus, an experimental design was set up that independently varied the proportion of patients treated, the proportion of outcomes censored and the amount of PS matches used. Simulation results were externally validated on a real observational dataset obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry. We found all investigated PS methods to be stable and concordant, with k-NN matching to be optimally dealing with the censoring problem, typically present in chronic cancer-related datasets, whilst being the least computationally expensive. In contrast, bootstrapping used in conjunction with PS matching, being the most computationally expensive, only showed superior results in small patient populations with long-term largely unobserved treatment efects.
    • Need for closure and Leisure for Youngsters

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (Psychological Reports, 2006)
    • Need for closure and leisure of youngsters

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (2005)
    • Need for closure and media use and preference of youngsters

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (2005)
      This study examines the explanatory power of an individual difference variable, Need for Closure (NFCL) for media use and preferences for specific media, genres and channels. Results of the study show that high and low NFCL youngsters do not differ in the amount of time spent on cognitive undemanding media (TV, radio, music). However, high (versus low) NFCL youngsters engage less in cognitive effortful activities like reading newspapers and surfing the Internet. Furthermore, high and low NFCL youngsters have a preference for a similar scope of genres and channels. More specifically, high NFCL youngsters prefer well-respected, conventional and less cognitive complex genres and channels. Low NFCL youngsters prefer more alternative, non-conformists, critical and intellectually stimulating genres and channels. Results are discussed and practical implications are provided. Keywords: Media use, media preferences, individual differences, motivation
    • Need for closure and youngsters' leisure time preferences

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (2005)
      The Need for Closure is introduced as an individual characteristic that can help explain individual differences in engagement in leisure activities. Both a leisure engagement inventory and a validated Dutch version of the Need for Closure Scale were administered to a convenience sample of 1035 young adults aged between 15 and 24 of which about 54% were female. As hypothesized, leisure engagement differs for groups differing in Need for Closure. More specifically, youngsters who have a high (versus low) Need for Closure engaged more in structured, cognitively effortless and predictable leisure activities like shopping for fun and going to the cinema, while young adults low (versus high) in Need for Closure more often participated in unstructured, unpredictable, cognitively effortful or challenging leisure activities like going to a party, a pub, or a pop concert, idly lazing away, visiting or hosting friends, attending an evening class and playing computer games.
    • Need for closure, gender and social self-esteem of youngsters

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (2005)
      The present study focuses on social self-esteem of youngsters (i.e. esteem derived from approval of others), a widespread, important pursuit of youngsters in modern society. More specifically, we explored the relationship between social self-esteem on the one hand, and an individual difference measure, Need for Closure, and gender on the other hand. Results show that NFCL and gender significantly relate to social self-esteem values like eagerness for approval and tranquility, achievement pressure and competence orientation, individualism, independency and appearance mindedness. NFCL and gender also affect youngster's social esteem related self-images. In addition, interesting interaction effects were identified. Limitations and directions for future research are suggested. Keywords: Need for Closure, Values, Self-Image, Gender, Social Self-Esteem.
    • Needed: employees taking up responsibility through reflection

      Van Steerthem, Angie; De Stobbeleir, Katleen (2013)