Modeling capabilities for longitudinal data have progressed considerably, but questions remain on the extent to which method bias may negatively affect the validity of longitudinal survey data. The current study addresses the stability of individual response styles. We set up a longitudinal data collection in which the same respondents filled out 2 online questionnaires with nonoverlapping sets of heterogeneous items. Between data collections, there was a 1-year time gap. We simultaneously modeled 4 response styles that capture the major directional biases in questionnaire responses: acquiescence, disacquiescence, midpoint, and extreme response style. Drawing from latent state–trait theory, we specified a 2nd-order factor model with time-invariant and time-specific response style factors and a specifically designed covariance structure for the residual terms. The results indicate that response styles have an important stable component, a small part of which can be explained by demographics. The meaning and implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
This paper investigates image cost as a potential downside of proactivity. Drawing on attribution theory, we examine how people construct subjective evaluations of one manifestation of proactivity, feedback-seeking behaviour. Using a scenario methodology, we examined how employees' performance history, their manager's implicit person theory (IPT), and the frequency of their feedback-seeking affect how managers evaluate employees' feedback seeking. Results indicate that manager attribute average performers' feedback seeking significantly less to performance-enhancement motives than superior performers' seeking. Results further show that the frequency of feedback seeking and a manager's IPT interact in influencing managers' attributions for feedback seeking, with more entity oriented managers attributing frequent feedback seeking significantly more to impression-management motives than infrequent feedback requests. These results highlight the importance of not only the instrumental benefits of employee proactivity, but also its potential costs.
De Meyer, Arnoud; Van Dierdonck, Roland; Vereecke, Ann (1996)
This text summarizes the PhD dissertation that was defended by the author in January 2009 under the supervision of Erik Demeulemeester at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium). The text is written in English and is available from the author upon request. The PhD dissertation is situated within the health care services domain and studies the impact of planning and scheduling procedures in the operating room. It incorporates an extensive review of both scientific contributions and the current operating room planning and scheduling practices of hospitals in Flanders (Belgium). The emphasis of the research, though, is directed towards the development, the testing and the application of surgery sequencing algorithms in a day-care environment.
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