The macroenvironment constitutes a widely acknowledged source of firms’risk in international business. A substantial body of research on macroenvironmental risks encapsulates a variety of measurement approaches, antecedents,and managerial consequences. However, a review of established macroenvironmental risk measures reveals that these measures strongly focus on the quality of the macroenvironment, assuming a rather static perspective and mainly excluding dynamic aspects. Building on prior research on macroenvironmental risk as well as on environmental dynamism, we argue that macroenvironmental dynamism – i.e. the frequency, intensity, and predictability of macroenvironmental variation – is a pivotal source of risk in international business, which so far only received limited attention. Moreover, we suggest that macroenvironmental dynamism influences firms’ risk management activities, a measure we use to empirically investigate firm implications of macroenvironmental dynamism. We explore this effect using primary survey data on risk management activities from 158 foreign subsidiaries in six emerging countries and secondary data on the macroeconomic context in these countries. We find evidence that macroenvironmental dynamism, if compared to macroenvironmental quality, exerts a strong influence on firms’ risk management activities. Our findings enhance the understanding of the dynamic nature of macroenvironmental risk in international business as well as provide a concept to more comprehensively measure macroenvironmental dynamism that future research can build upon.
Strategy remains a fascinating domain in the corporate management world. Although there is general agreement that strategy is a key driver of organisational success, managers and directors struggle with the strategy challenge and fail to translate good strategies into good results.
Voeten, Jaap; de Groot, Gerard; Roome (+), Nigel; de Haan, Job (2012)
The evaluation of the relationship with the customer and related benefits has become a key point for a company’s competitive advantage. The development of customer churn models has increased over the years. However, these models tend to be complex and used on demand, being developed every time the customer analysis is requested. The main contribution of this article is to demonstrate how a backtesting framework can be used for churn evaluation, enabling the validation and monitoring process for the generated churn models.
The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is used in this paper to empirically study whether an entrepreneur successfully transfers his/her firm, conditional on exiting the firm. TPB posits that entrepreneurial intentions drive actions, being the transfer of a business. We expand the TPB framework with business characteristics (intangible assets and profitability) to further explain the gap between intentions to transfer and the transfer outcome. Based on survey responses of 198 Belgian entrepreneurs that exited their company between 2001 and 2006, we show that intentions drive transfer outcomes. Further, the personal desirability of a transfer, the perceived control over the transfer process and the level of intangible assets influence intentions. Business profitability has a direct positive effect on the probability of transferring a business, that is partially mediated through intentions.
We analyze the post-acquisition performance of 384 unquoted entrepreneurial firms that have been acquired between 2000 and 2004, and compare it with 875 comparable, but independent entrepreneurial firms. Target firms in domestic acquisitions are less profitably and grow less than independent firms, both before and after the acquisition. Target firms in cross-border acquisitions are comparable to independent firms in growth and profitability, but they have higher margins and higher returns after the acquisition. Hence, especially cross-border acquisitions create operational synergies.
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