Companies increasingly face the need for transformation in today’s rapidly changing business environment, characterized by major shifts in technology, regulation, and customer behavior. A lack of strategic risk insight and foresight leaves many incumbents insufficiently prepared in the face of such deep uncertainty. We argue that traditional risk management falls short because it predominantly focuses on strategy execution while leaving strategy formulation largely untouched. Moreover, an administrative-heavy risk management process can create strategic inertia and a misleading sense of control. In today’s dynamic business context, companies must not only increase the speed and impact of their strategy execution but also continuously explore the development of new strategies in response to disruptive events or emerging opportunities. Our research shows how leading companies develop a strategic risk management (SRM) capability to increase their resilience and agility in response to deep uncertainty. SRM takes a strategic, forward-looking perspective and focuses on strengthening processes, people, and practices for purposefully integrating risk into the strategy formulation process. This article offers a framework with three proven configurations of content and timing integration, risk management roles, and leading practices that enable effective SRM.
This paper investigates how the risk governance practices of European financial institutions quantitatively cluster on the corporate governance characteristics of the corporation, particularly ownership structure and board independence. Using hand-collected data on a sample of 54 banks and 33 insurance companies, we find that financial institutions with powerful owners (i.e., those with >20% ownership) have a lower chief risk officer (CRO) presence and lower risk committee presence. In addition, state-controlled institutions and institutions with more independent boards have more independent risk committees.
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