Now showing items 1-20 of 6460

    • Evaluation of precision medicine assessment reports of the Belgian healthcare payer to inform reimbursement decisions

      Govaerts, Laurenz; Waeytens, Anouk; Van Dyck, Walter; Simoens, Steven; Huys, Isabelle (International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 2020)
      Introduction. Precision medicines rely on companion diagnostics to identify patient subgroups eligible for receiving the pharmaceutical product. Until recently, the Belgian public health payer, RIZIV-INAMI, assessed precision medicines and companion diagnostics separately for reimbursement decisions. As both components are considered co-dependent technologies, their assessment should be conducted jointly from a health technology assessment (HTA) perspective. As of July 2019, a novel procedure was implemented accommodating for this joint assessment practice. The aim of this research was to formulate recommendations to improve the assessment in the novel procedure. Methods. This study evaluated the precision medicine assessment reports of RIZIV-INAMI of the last 5 years under the former assessment procedure. The HTA framework for co-dependent technologies developed by Merlin et al. for the Australian healthcare system was used as a reference standard in this evaluation. Criteria were scored as either present or not present. Results. Thirteen assessment reports were evaluated. Varying scores between reports were obtained for the domain establishing the co-dependent relationship between diagnostic and pharmaceutical. Domains evaluating the clinical utility of the biomarker and the cost-effectiveness performed poorly, whereas the budget impact and the transfer of trial data to the local setting performed well. Recommendations. Based on these results we recommend three amendments for the novel procedure. (i) The implementation of the linked evidence approach when direct evidence of clinical utility is not present, (ii) incorporation of a bias assessment tool, and (iii) further specify guidelines for submission and assessment to decrease the variability of reported evidence between assessment reports.
    • North meets South: A call for inclusive global research

      Boros, Smaranda; Bosch, Anita; Shymko, Yuliya (2020)
      The COVID-19 pandemic is emphasising the extent of inequalities, both between and within societies. In the dynamics between nations, these inequalities revolve around the reliance on international funding bodies for humanitarian aid — and what happens when these big funders withdraw their support. It is exposing heightened territorial, us-vs them dynamics of hoarding and a crisis of global solidarity.
    • Kaffee kostuum: A dilemma in retail financials

      Boute, Robert; Van Mieghem, Jan (2020)
      John Dong, the founder and CEO of Kaffee Kostuum, was puzzled. He had executed his business plan down to the smallest detail. His company had realized tremendous growth in only five years, topping his target of €1 million1 in revenue by the end of this fiscal year. But somehow, his business was more cash-intensive than expected. The return on sales was less than 6%. Dong examined, once more, the options provided by a team of summer intern MBA students and wondered how to proceed.
    • Digital public service avoidance by people with disabilities

      Pethig, Florian; Jaeger, Lennert; Kroenung, Julia; Buchwald, Arne (2020)
      An increasing number of public services is delivered primarily via digital channels, however, a pressing problem is that they are frequently avoided or even rejected by marginalized citizens, such as people with disabilities. In this paper, we develop a contextualized framework of digital public service avoidance by people with disabilities that builds on and extends prior information systems research by incorporating complexity as the main antecedent of avoidance but it also leverages findings from social psychology and sociology by incorporating the need for human interaction and stigma consciousness as unique sociocultural barriers. We apply the framework to the context of a digital public service specifically developed for people with disabilities and assess its utility in a quantitative study of 145 severely disabled citizens. Our results uncover the need for interaction as a novel and underexplored driver of avoidance, illustrating that the missing “human touch” may be a hidden barrier to bringing more marginalized citizens online.
    • The evolution of electricity markets in Europe

      Meeus, Leonardo (2020)
      Bridging theory and practice, this book offers insights into how Europe has experienced the evolution of modern electricity markets from the end of the 1990s to the present day. It explores defining moments in the process, including the four waves of European legislative packages, landmark court cases, and the impact of climate strikes and marches. Leonardo Meeus explains the sequence of electricity markets in Europe from wholesale to balancing markets, forward transmission markets, capacity mechanisms, redispatching and flexibility markets. Chapters explore current issues including the new paradigm that places the citizen at the centre of the energy transition. Concluding that most of the market integration process in Europe so far has required horizontal coordination between transmission system operators in different countries, the book looks ahead to the importance of vertical coordination between the transmission and distribution. An invaluable book for energy policymakers and practitioners working in Europe, the solutions offered for contemporary issues will also be helpful for those working in international or multi-region electricity markets more widely. Academics involved in the world of electricity regulation will also find this an invigorating read.
    • Making your way - The (wobbly) road to success and happiness in life and work

      Debruyne, Marion; De Stobbeleir, Katleen (2020)
      Dreaming big propels you forward. But it is often a bumpy road. In this book, two remarkable women unravel 15 persistent myths about the path to success and finding happiness in life and work, both from their own experiences and from their daily interactions with professionals. They want to encourage people to set themselves free from such myths and to pursue their dreams with confidence and optimism. In this inspiring book they share their personal stories, stimulating testimonies, and relevant scientific knowledge. Is the perfect job out there? How do you define success? Is it only about climbing the ladder? Does everything have to be planned out, preferably before your thirties? And what about so-called work-life balance? Discover their answers to all of these questions, and so much more. A book about dreaming big, lifelong learning, and daring to jump.
    • Stress-oriented, data-based payment model for machine tools

      Stanula, Patrick; Praetzas, Christopher; Kohn, Oliver; Metternich, Joachim; Weigold, Matthias; Buchwald, Arne (Procedia CIRP, 2020)
      The acquisition costs of expensive machine tools are often a financial challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises, which is why many companies draw on traditional leasing models. For some types of machines, such as milling machines, however, there is no linear relationship between use and wear, thus creating a principle-agent problem and a potentially low(er) residual value of the machine in case of above-average use. Modern machine tools are increasingly equipped with sensors to monitor machining operations. The data from these sensors can help to deduce the wear of its components from the stress on the machine. Nevertheless, this has not resulted in data-driven, alternative payment models of expensive machines. Therefore, this paper presents a novel data-driven payment model based on a so-called stress factor, describing the aggregated machine wear due to the production process. This approach considers the economic and technologic perspectives to bring transparency to machine leasing.
    • How to share the gains of collaboration?

      Barbarino, Sergio; Boute, Robert (INFORMS Transactions on Education (ITE), 2020)
      Supply chain collaborations may generate substantial cost savings. Many such initiatives cease to exist, however, due to not reaching an agreement on how to share the gains. We describe an exercise to understand the challenges in collaborative gain sharing.
    • Risk as threat and opportunity: The institutional logics of board risk management

      Ashby, Simon; Bryce, Cormac; Ring, Patrick (2020)
      Organisations make strategic decisions in a world of uncertainty, and their success or failure depends on their ability to organize this uncertainty and exploit or mitigate the associated risks. At the apex of this risk-strategy nexus is the board of directors. We use the institutional logics perspective to investigate how board directors make sense of and act on their authority and accountability for risk management in an environment of conflicting social identities and goals that are bounded by limited resources and cognition. Through the analysis of 30 semi-structured interviews with executive and non-executive directors we find that boards are struggling to reconcile competing supra-organisational logics of ´risk as opportunity´ and ´risk as threat´. Many boards adopt a ‘governance and compliance’ logic for risk management, emphasizing threat reduction/value protection over the exploitation of opportunities/value creation. A very few opt for a ‘strategic-swashbuckling’ logic that gives primacy to value creation via opportunity exploitation. We also find evidence of a nascent ‘appetite aware’ logic, rooted in the object of the risk appetite statement and spread by directors acting as cultural entrepreneurs. Discovery of the appetite aware logic adds to the evidence on logic modularisation and the ability of cultural entrepreneurs to act as change agents by transferring elements of institutional orders from one situation to another. We find that the introduction of a risk appetite statement can influence board risk narratives and management practices."
    • Leaders developing themselves to help others grow. The role of leader identity and learning behavior

      Desmet, Lien; De Stobbeleir, Katleen (2020)
      Rather than focusing on titles and hierarchies, some recent work in the leadership literature has begun to explore how leaders view themselves, both within and outside of their formal roles. This symposium seeks to advance the field’s understanding of the effects of leader self-perceptions on leadership outcomes and invites the audience into an inquiry of the role of leader self-awareness and leader identity in the leadership process. The research presented seeks to better understand (1) how leaders view themselves, (2) how leaders may increase identification with the leader role, and (3) the benefits of this identity for leadership behaviors, including leader effectiveness as well as outcomes for followers.
    • Fighting scaling challenges with internal means: A paradox

      Van Lancker, Evy; Collewaert, Veroniek; Anseel, Frederik (2020)
      While high-growth firms are important providers of innovation, employment, and wealth, it is not clear how a young firm’s top management team navigates the process of scaling their business into such a firm. One particular challenge young firms must learn to overcome if they want to grow is the ‘people’ challenge. This paper studies the boundary conditions of the adoption of high-performance work practices as a means to help overcome the growing pains of these firms. Building on the attention-based view, we show that the adoption of these practices uncovers a paradox which is subject to the influence of financial performance and the team’s previous entrepreneurial experience."
    • Explaining the craze for crowdfunding research as an academic research topic

      Le Pendeven, Benjamin; Bardon, Thibaut; Manigart, Sophie (2020)
      Crowdfunding research has grown exponentially since the first academic papers on the topic in 2013 and received relatively more attention by academics than its importance in the economy would warrant. As no research exists that may guide our research question on how academics chose their research topic, this paper qualitatively explores through thirty interviews with crowdfunding scholars how the craze for crowdfunding research can be explained. Three categories of reasons emerged: scientific reasons, career reasons and socio-psychological reasons. Within each overarching category, we identify two or three second order themes, which are further split up in first order concepts. We hereby contribute not only to increase our understanding of how academics chose their research topics, but also to the adjacent theories of management fashions and schooling."
    • Who is in charge of digital transformation? The birth and rise of the chief digital officer

      Buchwald, Arne; Lorenz, Felix (2020)
      With the increasing pressure for organizations to digitalize, many companies are complementing their top management teams (TMT) with new members, chief informational and digital officers (CIOs and CDOs). As members of top management teams, CIOs and CDOs are expected to fulfill essential roles in the digital transformation strategy and its implementation. By making decisions on digitalization, they also influence business model development, innovation, and business strategy. While research on digital transformation is growing steadily, we lack a coherent understanding of the extent and nature of these top management roles and their relationships and the specific tasks involved. Based on the literature on management, information systems, and related fields, this paper discusses the evolving CIO and CDO roles and their interrelationships. Our key contribution is to conceptualize the role split, the emergence of the CDO, the nature of organizational roles and relationships by drawing on concepts of organizational ambidexterity, transactive memory systems (TMS), and shared understanding. We find that despite the separation of roles and potentially overlapping responsibilities, a collaborative relationship can be beneficial due to the complementary nature of the roles particularly to drive the digital transformation. We conclude with a future research agenda."
    • The effect of justice expectations on OCBs and its regulation by professional identification

      Sguera, Francesco; Patient, David (2020)
      In highly uncertain contexts, such as organizations undergoing major change initiatives, employees become especially attentive to procedural fairness. Although research has focused mainly on perceptions of experienced procedural justice, employees also generate expectations about the procedural fairness they will receive in the future, termed anticipatory procedural justice. In this paper, we posit that these expectations can affect employee positive behaviors that are not specifically related to the change itself, namely organizational citizenship behaviors. Further, we hypothesize that employees highly identified with their profession will be less affected by justice expectations, while employees who are less identified will rely on these expectations when deciding to engage in organizational citizenship behaviors. We test our hypotheses using a multi-method approach entailing one experiment with a heterogeneous sample of US workers (n=183), one three-wave panel survey with a sample of US workers from different organizations undergoing wage cuts and layoffs (N=101), and one field survey in a public health government agency facing a large scale organizational change (n=315). In all three studies, anticipatory procedural justice fully mediated the relationship between experienced procedural justice and organizational citizenship behaviors. In Study 3, where the majority of respondents worked in vocational roles (e.g., healthcare specialists and psychology counsellors), professional identification moderated this mediated relationship. Specifically, the organizational citizenship behaviors of employees highly identified with their profession were not affected by anticipatory procedural justice. We conclude by discussing theoretical and practical implications of our findings."
    • How online platforms transform the experience of work within organizations

      Rogiers, Philip; Viaene, Stijn; Leysen, Jan (2020)
      Drawing from an in-depth case study of an online labor platform within the U.S. federal government, this article introduces and defines a technology affordance model for a new work experience in organizations. Through employees’ interaction with distinct platform features, four mechanisms arise that support employees in their quest for self-actualization. Opportunity and autonomy affordances, bundled as growth affordance, allow employees to craft and seek out internal tasks or projects through which they could grow and utilize their skills and abilities in generic, multi-core areas. Reinvention and feedback affordances, bundled together as impression affordance, then allow employees to experiment with different work identities, and construct an aspirational online image of their selves at work. Besides exposing the action potential arising from human-platform interactions, this article also describes how employees become aware of and interpret this potential, as well as how organizational forces promote or constrain its enactment. It emphasizes the applicability of the model to knowledge-intensive work, wherein workers are increasingly under pressure to engage in life-long learning and upskilling, and to continuously shift and reinvent their work identities. This article suggests the framework’s wider implications and relevance for research into the future of work and organizations."
    • The future of internal staffing: A vision for transformational e-HRM

      Rogiers, Philip; Viaene, Stijn; Leysen, Jan (2020)
      Through an international Delphi study, this article explores the new dynamics that are starting to characterize internal staffing, by means of transformational electronic human resource management. Our focus is on three types of information systems that are expected to evolve and be used in function of transformative change in internal staffing systems: human resource management systems, job portals, and talent marketplaces. Together, these systems challenge current knowledge on internal labor market organization, by affording market-like staffing systems that enable employees to construct personalized and self-directed pathways for growth. Further, this article identifies the key challenges for realizing this vision in governments, such as inadequate regulations and funding priorities, a lack of leadership and strategic vision, together with rigid work policies and practices and a change-resistant culture. Tied to the vision in this article, we identify several areas of future inquiry that bridge the divide between theory and practice."
    • Thinking of a position outside the US? Dos and Don'ts of international business schools

      Chattopadhyay, P.; Richter, A.; Shenoy, P.; Patient, David; Cojuharenco, I.; El Nayal, O.; Hartman, S.; Caprar, D.; Rerup, C.; Grohsjean, T.; Lowe, K. (2020)
      Many management scholars are interested in taking their career to a new culture and context. Although the opportunities around the globe to teach and conduct organizational research have significantly increased, first-hand information on non-US business schools can be hard to come by. This PDW is designed for both junior and senior OB scholars who would like more information regarding academic careers at reputable non-US business schools. It will bring together panelists currently working at schools in Australia, New Zealand, and Europe, who are not originally from there or trained there. The panel will provide information, highlight challenges, and share distinctive features for academic careers in each country, including tacit knowledge and unspoken rules that the panelists have learned during their own adaptation process. Topics for discussion include: What does the job application process look like? How are job candidates and faculty evaluated? What are key challenges in adapting to the national culture and university system? What are norms of professional conduct (i.e., dos and don’ts in presenting oneself and one’s work)? The PDW includes individual presentations by panelists, country-specific roundtable discussions, and a closing Q&A.
    • An integrative view on refugee research: New research insights and lessons learned for academics

      Quataert, Sarah; Buyens, Dirk; Zellhofer, D.; Gallagher, V.; Roy, P.; Hong, H.-J.; Buchelt, B.; Nair, S. (2020)
      Refugees face numerous challenges trying to find their way in the labor markets of receiving countries. They are confronted with legal and administrative hurdles, language barriers, a lack of recognition for degrees or work experience obtained abroad, cultural misunderstanding, or even outright discrimination (EEPO, 2016). These obstacles systematically put refugees in inferior positions resulting in persistent employment gaps and a high risk of being overqualified in case of employment (European Union, 2016). In the light of increasing refugee flows worldwide (UNHCR, 2019), improving the status of refugees on local labor markets is high on the agenda of national governments and international institutions. Also, organizations, challenged by the scarcity of talent on the labor market or the need to include corporate social responsibility, are starting to become more aware of the necessity and potential benefits of including this new available talent pool in their workforce. This evolution challenges existing teams, line management, and HR practitioners to flexibly adapt to a diversifying internal workforce. In order to ameliorate refugees’ status on the labor market and within organizations, effective collaboration between stakeholders is key. Broadening our sight, this PDW takes a holistic perspective highlighting the needs, challenges and untouched potential at all interacting levels of the ecosystem. Furthermore, we will elaborate on the learnings for researchers and academics working with this research population.
    • Towards degrowth-conform organizational models: Framework development and application

      Hankammer, Stephan; Kleer, Robin; Mühl, Lena; Euler, Johannes
      Economic growth is predominantly seen as a central economic and political goal. Recently, this view has been increasingly criticized and the idea of sustainable degrowth emerged as an alternative paradigm in order to ensure human wellbeing within planetary boundaries. As business activity is a key driving force behind economic growth, the role of corporate organizations in a transition towards a post-growth society is a particularly challenging question. It is for instance still unclear how business models for degrowth- conform organizations could look like. In order to address this research gap, our study aims to elaborate the role and design of organizations and their respective business models within the degrowth context. In this exploratory work, we use a two-step approach: Firstly, based on a systematic literature review we provide an overview on business-oriented findings in the degrowth literature. Based on this, we derive elements for a conceptual framework development to consolidate fragmented findings within the degrowth discourse. The resulting framework serves to describe principles for the design of degrowth-conform organizations. Subsequently, we conduct interviews with three CEOs of certified Benefit Corporations (B Corps) and an in-depth case study with four interviewees with a prime example of a B Corp: Dr. Bronner’s. Overall, our findings show that B Corps to some extent successfully implement numerous degrowth- conform elements within our current economic system. However, tensions regarding growth-orientation remain, and further need for research regarding the role and design of organizations for degrowth is identified."
    • The next talent wave: Career-related antecedents and the anticipatory psychological contract

      Vandenbroucke, Astrid; Buyens, Dirk; Buchelt, Beata (2020)
      Young graduates are the talent of the future and they will become an important group in organizations in the next decennial. Individuals’ career preferences and work values have shifted over time and, as a result, claims in literature posit that the traditional career will slowly fade away in order to make way for the modern career. In addition, strong contextual forces such as globalization, technology, organizational restructuring, and the growth of services have altered the way we look at careers and challenge what older generations have hitherto taken for granted. Research presented at this symposium will add substantially to the existing literature on what new cohorts of graduates expect from their future career and employer. Authored by scholars from eleven European countries, the papers included in this symposium integrate individual and contextual factors influencing graduates' career intentions across contexts.