• Chinese Competition in OECD Markets: Impact on the Export Position and Export Strategy of OECD Countries

      Abraham, Filip; Van Hove, Jan (Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 2011)
      This paper primarily intends to broaden the scope of open innovation (OI) by connecting this concept to the literature on national systems of innovation (NSI). The main assumption behind this paper is that OI entails new types of governance structures that enable companies to tap into widely distributed knowledge bases through rapidly proliferating technology markets. Given that the current state of research within NSI literature has shifted towards a functional approach, the various proposed functional portfolios within NSI are supposed to coevolve with the mechanisms that coordinate innovation activities (i.e., hierarchical, network, and technology markets). Establishing a relationship between OI and NSI enables us to extend the functional NSI portfolio to accommodate the paradigmatic shift in governance structure represented by OI.
    • David vs. Goliath? Smaller European Exporting firms facing Asian competition on global markets

      Abraham, Filip; Van Hove, Jan; Studnickay, Zuzanna (Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 2016)
      This paper analyses the presence of Asian competition in the export markets of Belgian manufacturing firms between 1998 and 2010. We focus on the value of exports at the firm level where we consider both the intensive and the extensive margin. Within Asia a distinction is made between China, India, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan. We find that Asian competition matters significantly for Belgian export companies.
    • De Concurrentiepositie van België: Zin of Onzin van de Loonnorm

      Abraham, Filip; Goos, M.; Konings, Jozef (Leuvense Economische Standpunten, 2007)
      Using a sample from a large diversified company, this study examines the influence processes of transformational leadership (TFL) at both the individual and group levels concurrently and explores cross-level relationships. Results showed that, at the individual level, followers' personal identification with the leader mediated the effects of individual-focused TFL behavior on individual performance and empowerment. At the group level, group identification mediated the effect of group-focused TFL behavior on collective efficacy. Results also supported two cross-level effects from the group level to the individual level. The paper addresses the implications for leaders of motivating individuals and teams, at the same time.
    • European Competitiveness: Learning from De Grauwe Policy Cycles

      Abraham, Filip (Review of Business and Economics, 2011)
    • Export promotion via official export insurance

      Abraham, Filip; Dewit, G. (Open Economies Review, 2000)
    • FDI Spillovers in the Chinese Manufacturing Sector: Evidence of Firm Heterogeneity

      Abraham, Filip; Konings, Jozef; Slootmaekers, V. (Economics of Transition, 2010)
    • Global and European Labor Costs

      Abraham, Filip (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 2002)
    • Globalisering: Troef of Bedreiging

      Abraham, Filip (Tandheelkundige Tijdingen, 2001)
    • The impact of superstar firms on the labor share: Evidence from Belgium

      Abraham, Filip; Bormans, Yannick (De Economist - Netherlands Economic Review, 2020)
      The Belgian labor share, measured as the part of GDP going to labor, is declining. This fits into the global secular trend of decreasing labor shares. A novel strand in the literature focusses on its granular drivers. Recent research in the United States suggests that superstar firms, defined as large firms with a dominant market share, are increasing their market share and relate this to the fall of the labor share (Autor et al. in Q J Econ 135(2):645-709, 2020). Using a long time series of Belgian firm-level data from 1985 to 2014, we provide evidence for the link between the rise of market concentration and the decrease of the labor share in its two largest sectors: Manufacturing and Wholesale & Retail. These two sectors represent approximately half of the Belgian economy. We do not find evidence in other Belgian sectors.
    • Kwaliteit van het Overheidsapparaat en Europa als Springplank

      Abraham, Filip (Nieuwsbrief van het Steunpunt voor Werkgelegenheid, Arbeid en Vorming, 2000)
    • Leidt de EU-uitbreiding tot Sociale Afbouw?

      Abraham, Filip (Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Sociale Zekerheid, 2006)
    • Price and Wage Setting in an Integrating Europe

      Abraham, Filip; Konings, Jozef; Vanormelingen, S. (Review of World Economics, 2009)
      The 2008 ' credit crisis' brought to attention that business and finance operate in open-complex systems. In contrast, the period leading up to the crisis was dominated by narrower thinking developed from the idea that business was about economics and that management concerned agency. This paper revisits ideas first developed in the late 1990s that arose from the observation that business was confronting interacting ' systems.' The main systems were around (sustainable) development, the internationalization of business and a set of social and cultural concerns resulting from globalization. The paper anticipated the collapse of parts of the economic system as a result of hyper-competition. It points to the growing significance of ' identity' and its potential to create a ' clash of values.' It concludes by suggesting that as we enter this ' systems age' our models and assumptions around the boundaries of companies and the idea of companies and stakeholders would be severely challenged
    • Sectoral Employment Effects of Trade and Productivity in a Small Open Economy

      Abraham, Filip; Brock, E. (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 2002)
    • Sectoral Employment Effects of Trade and Productivity in Europe

      Abraham, Filip; Brock, E. (Applied Economics, 2003)
      The impact of trade and technology in the European case is assessed. A framework is developed which incorporates employment effects of (i) export expansion (ii) import competition and (iii) labour-saving productivity improvements. In this context, evidence is found for the hypothesis that international trade induces adjustments in technology.
    • Staying home or moving away? Employment creation and destruction within multinationals

      Abraham, Filip; Goesaert, Tim; Konings, Jozef (World Economy, 2014)
      This paper analyzes employment growth in Belgian multinational enterprises’ headquarters relative to their affiliates. We find that headquarters have on average 2.5% more employment growth than their affiliates. When they go through restructuring headquarters reduce employment by 4.4% less than their affiliates and affiliates located further away from their headquarterssuffer more. This effect almost doubles for firms that operate in manufacturing.
    • The Rise of China: Prospects for Regional Trade Policy

      Abraham, Filip; Van Hove, J. (Review of World Economics, 2005)
    • Trade Integration in the Twentieth Century: What does Belgian History tell us?

      Abraham, Filip; Buyst, Erik; Geyssens, S. (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 1997)
    • Will wage policy succeed in Euro-land? The case of Belgium

      Abraham, Filip; De Bruyne, K. (Cahiers Economiques de Bruxelles, 2000)