• Use of proximal policy optimization for the joint replenishment problem

      Vanvuchelen, Nathalie; Gijsbrechts, Joren; Boute, Robert (Computers in Industry, 2020)
      Deep reinforcement learning has been coined as a promising research avenue to solve sequential decision making problems, especially if few is known about the optimal policy structure. We apply the proximal policy optimization algorithm to the intractable joint replenishment problem. We demonstrate how the algorithm approaches the optimal policy structure and outperforms two other heuristics. Its deployment in supply chain control towers can orchestrate and facilitate collaborative shipping in the Physical Internet.