• Safety Stock Optimization in Two-Echelon Assembly systems: Normal Approximation Models

      Desmet, Bram; Aghezzaf, El-Houssaine; Vanmaele, Hendrik (International Journal of Production Research, 2010)
      This paper tackles the problem of optimising safety stocks in a two-echelon assembly system. It presents and discusses several approximation models for the assembly lead-time under the assumption of normality of the assembly demand and normality of components’ nominal lead times. These approximation models are subsequently used to optimise safety stocks throughout a two-echelon assembly system. They are then tested on a particular two-echelon N-identical component assembly system. The obtained results are compared with the results of a discrete event simulation. Finally, it is shown that lead-times and safety stock results already obtained for a two-echelon distribution system can also be derived without difficulty from those of two-echelon assembly systems.