• Waarheen met de loopbaan? Voorkeuren van medewerkers en beïnvloeding door de organisatie

      De Vos, Ans; Dewettinck, Koen; Buyens, Dirk (Tijdschrift voor HRM, 2007)
    • Waarom (en Hoe) HR meer als een marketingafdeling moet handelen

      Schoubben, Robyn (HR Magazine, 2017)
      Op dit punt, weten we allemaal dat de bedrijfscultuur een centrale rol speelt binnen bedrijven, vooral met alle digitale transformaties tegenwoordig. Dit geldt met name vooral voor de marketingafdeling, die momenteel aan zo’n halsbrekend tempo verandert dat marketing succes sterk afhankelijk is van HR om nieuwe skillsets te identificeren en op te leiden. Aan de andere kant, zou HR beroep kunnen doen op de hulp van marketeers, of op zijn minst HR-professionals die denken als marketeers. De strijd voor het beste talent is fast and furious, en in vele gevallen is het sociale web het slagveld.
    • Waking the sleeping giant: Maximising the potential of operational risk management for banks

      Ashby, Simon; Clark, David; Thirlwell, John (Journal of Financial Transformation, 2011)
      Within the banking sector operational risk is often perceived to be a less important risk than financial risks such as market or credit risk. Such a view is typically reinforced by the observation that banks are in the business of taking these financial risks and must lend large amounts of money and/or take significant market positions if they are to make an acceptable profit for their owners. Events such as the global financial crisis would also seem to reinforce this view of the pre-eminence of financial risks. Taken at face value the crisis might appear to have been caused by a combination of excessive lending, leverage and derivatives trading - activities which fall with the realm of financial risk. Yet deeper investigations into the crisis have revealed that other more complex forces were at work, forces, such as failures in people, process and systems which have more in common with the field of operational risk. In this paper we argue that banks must do more to wake the sleeping giant of operational risk management in their activities. We demonstrate how operational risk related failures in people, processes and systems lay at the heart of the global financial crisis, leading to disastrous consequences not only for individual banks, but also for the financial sector as a whole and the domestic economies that are supported by it. We also highlight three key barriers that we believe are preventing the discipline of operational risk management from reaching its full potential in the banking sector. Finally we identify a number of themes that we believe should be embraced by banks and their regulators to help overcome the three barriers and enhance the management of operational risk across the sector.
    • Walking parallel paths or taking the same road? The effect of collaborative incentives in innovation contests

      Boss, Viktoria; Kleer, Robin; Vossen, Alexander (International Journal of Innovation Management, 2017)
      We examine the role of participants’ interactions in innovation contests. In contrast to the dominant view of a competitive organisation of innovation contests, we suggest that, especially for ideation projects, a collaborative setting may be beneficial in terms of the amount of ideation activity and the quality of the generated ideas. Using two experiments, we show the usefulness of a collaborative approach when two particular conditions are met: first, the overall effort must be compensated according to performance criteria in such a way that participants are aware of the impact of their actions. Thus, the reward mechanism has to ensure that all contributors to a specific idea benefit from their involvement. Second, the host has to provide feedback throughout the contest to make it clear for participants what idea(s) to focus on. Our results show that, while the elaboration effort can be increased by introducing a collaborative reward mechanism alone, the best results are achieved when both conditions are met.
    • Wanneer senior managers niet willen samenwerken

      Pauwels, Aagje (HR Magazine, 2015)
    • Wat doe je met je toptalent?

      Vroonen, Wim (HR Magazine, 2013)
    • Wat het verschil is tussen een workaholic zijn en veel werken en waarom dit belangrijk is voor uw gezondheid

      Schoubben, Robyn (HR Magazine, 2018)
      Over het algemeen gaan we ervan uit dat te veel werken slecht is voor onze gezondheid. Wat er precies ongezond aan is, is echter onduidelijk. Zijn het lange dagen die het risico op het ontwikkelen van gezondheidsproblemen vergroten? Of is het iets anders?
    • Wat is het Effect van Lagere Loonkosten op de vraag naar Arbeid in Belgische Ondernemingen?

      Roodhooft, Filip; Konings, Jozef (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 1996)
    • Wat managers moeten weten over sociale tools

      Defever, Emmy (HR Magazine, 2018)
      Organisaties hebben aan sneltempo interne sociale tools geadopteerd. In een grootschalige studie met meer dan 4200 organisaties, uitgevoerd door McKinsey Global Institute, werd gevonden dat 72% van de organisaties dergelijke tools gebruikt om communicatie tussen medewerkers te faciliteren. Het gebruik van interne sociale tools werd reeds in verschillende sectoren bestudeerd. Het toenemende bewijs is duidelijk: deze tools kunnen de samenwerking en kennisdeling tussen medewerkers bevorderen.
    • Weber and legal rule evolution: The closing of the iron cage?

      Jennings, Devereaux; Schultz, Martin; Patient, David; Gravel, Caroline; Yuan, Ke (Organization Studies, 2005)
      Institutionalists have emphasized the importance of law for the spread of bureaucracy and examined its effects; but they have not examined the evolution of law as an institution in its own right, particularly from a Weberian standpoint. In this paper, we investigate whether or not there is an inexorable proliferation and refinement of rational legal rules within a law, as we have found to be the case with bureaucratic rules. In other words, are the same tendencies toward proliferation and refinement associated with the ‘closing of the iron cage’ found in the context of legal rules? An examination of all sections of a regional water law over a 90-year period shows that the number of law sections and the text covered by the sections actually declines over time, through alternating phases of gradual expansion followed by rapid collapse; that is via punctuated equilibrium. Most of the expansion is due to revisions of existing sections, rather than to births of new sections. Poisson models of births and event history models of revisions show that the sources of the proliferation within the law are, in fact, some of the same ones anticipated by Weber: the interpretation of the law by the courts, changes in political parties, and shock events such as war. But, in contrast to Weberian predictions, the result of this evolutionary process appears to be a law that is smaller, tighter and more functionally differentiated.
    • Weerslag van de realisatie van de interne Europese markt 1992 op de accountants en bedrijfsrevisoren

      Ooghe, Hubert; Manigart, Sophie; Bruyneel, W. (Accountancy en Bedrijfskunde Maandschrift, 1990)
    • Welcoming new entrants into European electricity markets

      Schittekatte, Tim; Reif, Valerie; Meeus, Leonardo (Energies, 2021)
      In this review paper, we select four important waves of new entrants that knocked on the door of European electricity markets to illustrate how market rules need to be continuously adapted to allow new entrants to come in and push innovation forward. The new entrants that we selected are utilities venturing into neighbouring markets after establishing a strong position in their home market, utility-scale renewables project developers, asset-light software companies aggregating smaller consumers and producers, and different types of communities. We show that well-intentioned rules designed for certain types of market participants can (unintentionally) become obstacles for new entrants. We conclude that the evolution of market rules illustrates the importance of dynamic regulation. At the start of the liberalisation process the view was that we would deregulate or re-regulate the sector after which the role of regulators could be reduced. However, their role has only increased. New players tend to improve the sustainability of the electricity sector in environmental, social, or economic terms but might also present new risks that require intervention by regulators.
    • The welfare and price effects of sector coupling with power-to-gas

      Roach, Martin; Meeus, Leonardo (Energy Economics, 2020)
      Electricity markets with high installed capacities of Variable Renewable Energy Sources (VRES) experience periods of supply and demand mismatch, resulting in near-zero and even negative prices, or energy spilling due to surplus. The participation of emerging Power-to-X solutions in a sector coupling paradigm, such as Power-to-Gas (PTG), has been envisioned to provide a source of demand flexibility to the power sector and decarbonize the gas sector. We advance a long-run equilibrium model to study the PTG investment decision from the point of view of a perfectly competitive electricity and gas system where each sector's market is cleared separately but coupled by PTG. Under scenarios combining PTG technology costs and electricity RES targets, we study whether or not there is a convergence in the optimal deployment of PTG capacity and what is the welfare distribution across both sectors. We observe that PTG can play an important price-setting role in the electricity market, but PTG revenues from arbitrage opportunities erodes as more PTG capacity is installed. We find that the electricity and gas sector have aligned incentives to cooperate around PTG, and instead find an issue of misaligned incentives related to the PTG actor. Although not the focus of our analysis, in some scenarios we find that the welfare optimal PTG capacity results in a loss for the PTG actor, which reveals some intuition that subsidizing PTG can make sense to reduce the cost of RES subsidies. Sensitivity analyses are conducted to contextualize these findings for system specificities.
    • Well-functioning balancing markets: a prerequisite for wind power integration

      Vandezande, Leen; Meeus, Leonardo; Belmans, Ronnie; Saguan, Marcelo; Glachant, Jean-Michel (Energy Policy, 2010)
      This article focuses on the design of balancing markets in Europe taking into account an increasing wind power penetration. In several European countries, wind generation is so far not burdened with full balancing responsibility. However, the more wind power penetration, the less bearable for the system not to allocate balancing costs to the responsible parties. Given the variability and limited predictability of wind generation, full balancing exposure is however only feasible conditionally to well-functioning balancing markets. On that account, recommendations ensuring an optimal balancing market design are formulated and their impact on wind generation is assessed. Taking market-based or cost-reflective imbalance prices as the main objective, it is advised that: (1) the imbalance settlement should not contain penalties or power exchange prices, (2) capacity payments should be allocated to imbalanced BRPs via an additive component in the imbalance price and (3) a cap should be imposed on the amount of reserves. Efficient implementation of the proposed market design may require balancing markets being integrated across borders.