• The limits of industry-centered strategic thinking in an era of convergence

      Hacklin, Fredrik; Battistini, Boris; Wallin, Martin (Strategies, 2013)
    • Linking Belgian employee performance management system characteristics with performance management system effectiveness: exploring the mediating role of fairness

      Dewettinck, Koen; van Dijk, Hans (International Journal of Human Resource Management, 2013)
      Based on expectancy theory, goal-setting theory and control theory, we propose a model in which perceived fairness mediates the relationship between characteristics of employee performance management (PM) systems and their perceived effectiveness by employees. PM system characteristics we propose are the frequency and length of formal reviews, the frequency of informal reviews and feedback, whether the formal conversation focused on evaluation or development and finally the degree of participation. The model was tested on a cross-industry sample of 3192 employees in Belgium. The measurement and structural models were simultaneously tested using structural equation modeling, and we used a bootstrapping approach to test the mediation hypothesis. Our findings indicate that performance review focus and employee participation strongly relate to perceptions of appraisal fairness and PM system effectiveness and that the frequency of informal performance reviews is stronger related to PM system effectiveness than the frequency of formal performance reviews. This suggests that the manifest expressions of PM have more impact on PM system effectiveness rather than the more latent characteristics of PM systems. The findings advance research to the role and functionality of PM systems by showing that (a) the manner in which PM systems are shaped and executed is of fundamental importance for their effectiveness, (b) fairness partially mediates the relationship between PM system characteristics and their effectiveness and (c) the three motivational theories appear useful for understanding the consequences of PM practices on individual employees.
    • Linking Employee Motivation and Organizational Performance

      Antoni, Conny; Baeten, Xavier; Perkins, Stephen; Shaw, Jason; Vartiainen, M. (Journal of Personnel Psychology, 2017)
      This editorial introduces the current special issue which contributes to the research on reward management by focusing on the contextual effects of financial rewards on employee motivation, behavior, and performance, and by analyzing the mediating mechanisms of different types of financial and nonfinancial rewards. The four studies included in this special issue address different issues of reward management research and take different theoretical perspectives. the editors hope that this special issue stimulates further longitudinal, mixed-methods, and multilevel research to compare the effects of specific reward types and practices on employee motivation and on individual, team, and organizational outcomes. There is a need to analyze the underlying mediating mechanisms and to identify individual, team, or organizational level variables moderating these relationships.
    • Linking Open Innovation to National Systems of Innovation: a Co-evolutionary Perspective

      Wang, Yuandi; Roijakkers, Nadine; Vanhaverbeke, Wim (International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, 2011)
    • Linking science to technology using bibliographic references in patents to build linkage schemes

      Verbeek, A.; Debackere, Koenraad; Luwel, M.; Zimmermann, Edwin (Scientometrics, 2002)
    • Linking technology intelligence to open innovation

      Veugelers, Mark; Bury, J.; Viaene, Stijn (Technological forecasting and social change, 2010)
      The explosive growth of the Internet has led to a dramatic increase in data sources for (competitive) technology intelligence. Appropriate implementation and use of IT tools to gather and analyze these data is of key importance for the creation of actionable technology intelligence. A strategy to optimize investments in the identified technologies becomes of paramount importance if an organization wants to match knowledge and ideas originating from outside of the organization with internal core competences. Such a strategy can create competitive advantage by effectively linking technology intelligence to open innovation. We show how VIB, a life sciences research organization, has established technology intelligence processes to identify a multitude of external technologies of interest, which are subsequently “probed” for their potential and fit with VIB using real options reasoning, thereby supporting open innovation. Our methodology may be useful for other organizations which are considering implementing open innovation approaches.
    • Linking the strategic importance of ICT with investment in business-ICT alignment: an explorative framework

      Cumps, Bjorn; Viaene, Stijn; Dedene, Guido (+) (International Journal of IT/Business Alignment and Governance, 2010)
    • Local content requirements, vertical cooperation, and foreign direct investment

      Belderbos, Rene; Sleuwaegen, Leo; Jie A Joen, Clive (De Economist, 2002)
      Local content requirements have been observed empirically to protect vertically integrated domestic industries and induce inward foreign direct investment in intermediate goods production. The effects of a local content requirement is examined in the context of potential foreign direct investment and upstream manufacturing by a foreign multinational and potential vertical cooperation between the host country's upstream and downstream producers. In case of vertical cooperation domestic producers have an incentive to set the price of the intermediate strategically to discourage foreign direct investment. Vertical cooperation is found to enhance the rent-shifting effect of the local content requirement, whereas the foreign direct investment response increases price competition and reduces domestic profits. In both cases, manufacturing efficiency and foreign welfare decrease.
    • Loonkosten en hun effect op de Belgische tewerkstelling

      Roodhooft, Filip; Konings, Jozef (Nieuwsbrief Steunpunt Werkgelegenheid, Arbeid en Vorming, 1995)
    • Loopbaanbegeleiding in bedrijfscontext

      Forrier, Anneleen; Bollen, An; Sels, Luc; Soens, Nele; De Vos, Ans (Over.Werk, 2006)
    • Loopbaanontwikkeling in industrieel onderzoek: een veldstudie

      Buyens, Dirk; Debackere, Koenraad; Vandenbossche, Tine (Gedrag en Organisatie. Tijdschrift voor Sociale, Economische, Arbeids- en Organisatiepsychologie, 1996)
    • Lost in transaction? The transfer effect of strategic consistency

      Fehre, Kerstin; Kronenwett, Daniel; Lindstädt, Hagen; Wolff, Michael (Business Research, 2016)
      Prior empirical studies provide evidence that the learning-curve perspective from manufacturing settings is not directly applicable to strategic management settings. In the latter case learning relates to the quality rather than to the quantity of experience. Regarding the antecedents of organizational learning especially, there are still unanswered questions remaining; for example, the questions what kind of experience has a positive effect on performance and what kind of experience is more of a hindrance than a help. This becomes obvious when looking at acquisitions as examples of strategic management decisions. Results of prior empirical studies analyzing the relationship of acquisition experience and acquisition performance have been mixed. By introducing the concept of strategic consistency, we intend to facilitate a better understanding of the kind of experience necessary for organizational learning. Therefore, we measure the concordance and frequency of change in strategic actions. Employing a sample of 379 acquisition series, we find evidence for a positive transfer effect of strategic consistency within series and, therefore, a positive relationship between strategic consistency and acquisition performance.
    • Lot sizing and lead time decisions in production/inventory systems

      Noblesse, Ann; Boute, Robert; Lambrecht, Marc; Van Houdt, Benny (International Journal of Production Economics, 2014)
      Traditionally, lot sizing decisions in inventory management trade-off the cost of placing orders against the cost of holding inventory. However, when these lot sizes are to be produced in a finite capacity production/inventory system, the lot size has an important impact on the lead times, which in turn determine inventory levels (and costs). In this paper we study the lot sizing decision in a production/inventory setting, where lead times are determined by a queueing model that is linked endogenously to the orders placed by the inventory model. Assuming a continuous review (s, S) inventory policy, we develop a procedure to obtain the distribution of lead times and the distribution of inventory levels, when lead times are endogenously determined by the inventory model. This procedure allows to determine the optimal inventory parameters within the class of (s, S) policies that minimize the expected ordering and inventory related costs over time. We numerically show that ignoring the endogeneity of lead times may lead to inappropriate lot sizing decisions and significantly higher costs. This cost discrepancy is very outspoken if the lot size based on the economic order quantity deviates significantly from desirable production lot sizes. In these cases, the endogenous treatment of lead times is of particular importance.
    • Low-cost import competition and firm exit: Evidence from the EU

      Colantone, Italo; Sleuwaegen, Leo (Industrial and Corporate Change, 2015)
      This article investigates the impact of import competition on firm exit from the manufacturing industries of eight European Union countries. A distinction is made between imports originating from low-cost countries and other imports. While the exit of small firms is high and small firms react strongly to import competition originating from other advanced countries, their exit is not found to be directly affected by imports from low-cost countries. Conversely, the exit rate of larger firms is much smaller in magnitude, but their exit is systematically and positively related to growing imports from low-cost countries. Such empirical evidence is consistent with small and larger firms making up different strategic groups within the same industries, where they face foreign competition of a different nature.
    • Maak informele netwerken strijdvaardiger

      Davidson, Tina (HR Magazine, 2010)
    • Maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen in Vlaanderen: mainstream?

      De Stobbeleir, Katleen; De Vos, Ans; Buyens, Dirk (Over.Werk, 2006)