• Mobiliteit beduidend maken

      Van Laere, Kirby (2009)
    • Mobilizing cities towards a low-carbon future: Tambourines, carrots and sticks

      Azevedo, Isabel; Delarue, Erik; Meeus, Leonardo (2013)
      In the transition towards a low-carbon future in Europe, cities' actions are of major importance due to the prominence of urbanization, both in terms of population and in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As a result, we need city authorities to act, by using their competences as policy makers as well as energy users. However, cities are still not moving as fast as one might expect, indicating the need for additional incentives to prompt local action. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to present an overview of external incentives that might prompt cities to act and to highlight good practices that could be used in future initiatives. This paper first discusses how to evaluate the climate and energy performance of a city and how local authorities can contribute to its improvements. Moreover, it analyses the disincentives that local governments are confronted with, categorizing them as simple market failures, institutional failures and multi-agent failures. The paper then presents a survey of initiatives at national and EU levels to promote local action towards a low-carbon future; grouping them into tambourines, carrots and sticks. We focus on Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden because they are pioneering countries regarding energy policies for cities.
    • Motivated consumer innovativeness: Concept and measurement, and validation

      Vandecasteele, Bert; Geuens, Maggie (2010)
      Existing consumer innovativeness scales ignore the multitude of motivation sources of buying innovations. The objective of this paper is to incorporate different motivations into a multi-dimensional innovativeness scale to better account for the consumer–product relationship. An extensive literature review and five studies (with about 2600 respondents in total) indicate that four types of motivation underlie consumer innovativeness: functional, hedonic, social, and cognitive. The proposed 20-item four-dimensional Motivated Consumer Innovativeness (MCI) scale proves to be reliable and internally valid and does not seem to suffer from social desirability bias. Moreover, the results of the studies indicate the predictive validity of every MCI dimension. This new scale proves to measure more than existing consumer innovativeness scales; the different MCI dimensions predict innovative purchase intentions better than both traditional and recently developed innovativeness scales, and they disprove the general consensus that older people are always significantly less innovative than younger people. This MCI scale can serve as a tool for future research on efficiently and effectively segmenting and targeting (motivated innovative) consumers.
    • Multicountry Multifactor Tests of the Factor Abundance Theory

      Bowen, Harry; Learner, E.; Sveikauskas, Leo (1987)
      Conceptually correct tests are performed of the Heckscher-Ohlin proposition that trade in commodities can be explained in terms of an interaction between factor input requirements and factor endowments. An exact specification of this interaction in a multicountry, multicommodity, multifactor world is derived in the form of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek (H-O-V) theorem. The relationships are tested using data on the 367-order US input-output tables for 1967 and the 1967 trade and the 1966 supply of 12 resources for 27 countries. The Leontief-type sign and rank propositions, whether tested across countries or across factors, generally are not supported. The hypothesis that the H-O-V equations are exact also is not supported by the data. The data indicate errors in measurement in both trade and national factor supplies and favor the hypothesis of neutral technological differences across countries. The H-O-V equations are rejected in favor of weaker models that permit technological differences and measurement errors.
    • Multivariate Hill Estimators

      Dominicy, Yves; Ilmonen, Pauliina; Veredas, David (2017)
      We propose two classes of semi-parametric estimators for the tail index of a regular varying elliptical random vector. The first one is based on the distance between a tail probability contour and the observations outside this contour. We denote it as the class of separating estimators. The second one is based on the norm of an arbitrary order. We denote it as the class of angular estimators. We show the asymptotic properties and the finite sample performances of both classes. We also illustrate the separating estimators with an empirical application to 21 worldwide financial market indexes.
    • Navigating institutional complexity: The production of risk culture in the financial sector

      Palermo, Tommaso; Power, Michael; Ashby, Simon (Wiley, 2017)
      Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the EGOS 2014 Colloquium, at research seminars at Copenhagen Business School and HEC Lausanne, and, under the title ‘Searching for Risk Culture’, as a keynote address at the SAMS/JMS annual conference on Managing Complexity Within and Across Organizational Boundaries at Cambridge University, March 2014. The authors are grateful for the helpful comments of Mats Alvesson, Roger Friedland, Matthew Hall, Silvia Jordan, Steve Maguire and Iain Munro, as well as the editors of the special issue of JMS on Managing Complexity. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the Chartered Insurance Institute (CII), the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) and the Lighthill Risk Network.
    • Need for closure and Leisure for Youngsters

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (2006)
    • Negative spillover in brand portfolios

      Lei, Jill; Dawar, Niraj; Lemmink, Jos G.A.M. (2008)