• New Technology Innovation Model Centered on Enterprises

      Du, Jingshu; Chen, Y.; Xie, K. (2008)
      As the elderly care sector is characterized by several challenges, rethought and restructured organizations and institutions and thus innovation are necessary. This study investigated (1) what innovation in the elderly care sector means and (2) which factors determine the innovativeness of elderly care organizations. Our goal was to develop a framework to catch innovation and explain the capacity for innovation in the elderly care sector. Via case studies within five Flemish elderly care organizations, the applicability of the complex adaptive system (CAS) theory was examined. The results showed that organizations partially acted as CASs, but totally acting as CASs was restrained by top-down forces, procedures, and regulations.
    • New trends in technology management education: a view from Europe

      Clarysse, Bart; Mosey, Simon; Lambrecht, Inge (2009)
    • Nieuwe kennis uit ongestructureerde tekst

      Elzinga, Paul; Poelmans, Jonas; Viaene, Stijn; Dededene, Guido (AG Connect Intelligence, 2012)
      De Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en de Regiopolitie Amsterdam-Amstelland hebben nieuwe analysemethoden ontwikkeld voor ongestructureerde tekst. Het voornaamste doel is de ontwikkeling van een efficiënte en operationeel inzetbare methode om bruikbare kennis te onttrekken aan de grote hoeveelheid ongestructureerde informatie in de politiedatabases en die toe te passen om potentiële daders en slachtoffers beter en sneller te herkennen.
    • Nieuwe trends in bedrijfsfinanciering

      Ooghe, Hubert; Soenen, Frederic (1990)
    • Nonprofit governance quality: concept and measurement

      Willems, Jurgen; Huybrechts, Gert; Jegers, Marc; Weijters, Bert; Vantillborgh, Tim; Bidee, Jemima; Pepermans, Roland (2012)
    • Not all international assignments are created equal: HQ-subsidiary knowledge transfer patterns across types of assignments and types of knowledge

      Duvivier, Florence; Peeters, Carine; Harzing, Anne-Wil (Elsevier, 2019)
      Drawing on 50 semi-structured interviews in a case study of a Belgian multinational and its foreign subsidiary in Poland, we develop new insights into how using different types of international assignments (long-term expatriation, short-term expatriation, short-term inpatriation) allows a HQ-subsidiary dyad to transfer different types of knowledge (declarative, procedural, axiomatic, relational), both from and to HQ, during and after the assignment. We show how each type of assignment acts as a unique knowledge transfer channel, and why it is critical that HQ-subsidiary dyads use an appropriate combination and sequence of international assignments reflecting their specific knowledge transfer needs.
    • Note from the editor

      De Baets, Shari (2017)
    • Numerical study of inventory management under various maintenance policies

      Poppe, Joeri; Basten, Rob; Boute, Robert; Lambrecht, Marc (Elsevier, 2017)
      Capital assets, such as manufacturing equipment, require maintenance to remain functioning. Maintenance can be performed when a component breaks down and needs replacement (i.e., corrective maintenance), or the maintenance and part replacement can be performed preventively. Preventive maintenance can be planned on a periodic basis (periodic maintenance), or it can be triggered by a certain monitored condition (condition-based maintenance). Preventive maintenance policies are gaining traction in the business world, but for many companies it is unclear what their impact is on the resulting inventory requirements for the spare parts that are used for the maintenance interventions. We study the impact of the maintenance policy on the inventory requirements and the corresponding costs for a setting that is realistic at an OEM in the compressed air industry. Preventive policies increase the total demand for spare parts compared to corrective maintenance, since the former do not exploit the entire useful life of the components. This leads to higher inventory requirements. At the same time, the preventive policies inhibit advance demand information, as the interventions, and correspondingly the spare parts demands, are planned in advance. Using a simulation study, we show that by using this advance demand information in managing the spare part inventory, the increase in inventory requirements of preventive maintenance policies can to a large extent be offset, for condition-based maintenance, we find that inventories can even be lower compared to corrective maintenance, provided that the advance demand information is used correctly when managing inventories. Our analysis sheds light on the behaviour of the inventory related costs under various maintenance policies.
    • Objective environmental conditions and perceived environmental uncertainty: Cognitive models as explanation for a perceptual gap

      Weiss, Martin; Wittmann, Christina (Emerald Publishing Limited, 2018)
      It appears as if a gap exists between objective environmental conditions and the respective managerial perception of those conditions. This situation poses severe problems for executives deriving effective strategies and initiating successful organizational change. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to develop and provide a deeper understanding of the factors that lead to such a gap.
    • Offshore grids for renewables: do we need particular regulatory framework

      Meeus, Leonardo (2015)
      Onshore, generators are connected to the transmission grid by TSOs. This regulatory model could simply be extended to offshore (i.e. Germany), but the connection of offshore wind farms to shore is also an opportunity to test alternatives, i.e. the third party model (i.e. the UK) or the generator model (i.e. Sweden). In this paper, we argue that the third party and generator models are indeed better suited to support the evolution towards larger scale offshore wind farms that are increasingly developed farther out to sea, while the TSO model is better suited to support the evolution towards cross-border offshore grid projects. In other words, an important trade-off needs to be made because none of the existing regulatory models can fulfill all the expectations in the current context in Europe. And, the trade-off has to be made at the regional or EU level because the different national regulatory frameworks are incompatible when applied to a cross-border offshore grid project.
    • On becoming a beyonder

      Van den Broeck, Herman; Venter, David (2012)
      This study analyzes the effect of different external technology sourcing modes on the creation of radical innovation in companies. Moreover, since prior research has indicated that exploration consists of looking beyond both organizational and technological boundaries, the role of technological distance between the partnering firms and the role of technological newness are also included. In particular, this paper examines how they affect the relationship between external technology sourcing and the creation of pioneering technologies (technologies that do not build on any existing technologies), which are used as a proxy for radical innovations. Using a sample of companies that were from the pharmaceutical industry, the results indicate that strategic alliances and corporate venture capital investments have a positive effect on the creation of pioneering technologies, whereas the effect of M&As is found to be negative. Additionally, the results show that the impact of these governance modes on the creation of pioneering technology is indeed affected by the newness of the technology and relatedness of the technological portfolios of the partnering firms. A larger technological distance between the two partnering firms increases the effect of strategic alliances on the creation of pioneering technologies. In addition, the results indicate that technological newness weakens the positive effect of CVC investments and non-equity alliances on the creation of pioneering technologies.
    • On maximizing the net present value of a project under renewable resource constraints

      Vanhoucke, Mario; Demeulemeester, Erik; Herroelen, Willy (2001)
      The resource-constrained project-scheduling problem with discounted cash flows is studied. Each activity of this resource-constrained project-scheduling problem has certain resource requirements and a known deterministic cash flow that can be either positive or negative. Deterministic cash flows are assumed to occur over the duration of the activities. Progress payments and cash outflows occur at the completion of activities. The objective is to schedule the activities subject to a fixed deadline to maximize the net present value subject to the precedence and resource constraints. With these features the financial aspects of project management are taken into account. A depth-first branch-and-bound algorithm that makes use of extra precedence relations is introduced to resolve a number of resource conflicts and a fast recursive search algorithm for the max-npv problem to compute upper bounds. The recursive search algorithm exploits the idea that positive cash flows should be scheduled as early as possible while negative cash flows should be scheduled as late as possible within the precedence constraints. The procedure has been coded in Visual C++, Version 4.0 under Windows NT, and has been validated on two problem sets.
    • On sample marginal quantiles for stationary processes

      Dominicy, Yves; Hörmann, Siegfried; Ogata, Hiroaki; Veredas, David (2013)