• Total cost of ownership: informatie voor het optimaliseren van de supply chain

      Van den Abbeele, Alexandra; Roodhooft, Filip (Business Inzicht, 2006)
    • Total rewards in Europe. A first glance

      Baeten, Xavier (Workspan, 2006)
    • Toward a theory of intraorganizational attention based on desirability and feasibility factors

      Barreto, Ilídio; Patient, David (Strategic Management Journal, 2013)
      Why would managers in the same firm differ in their attention to opportunity versus threat aspects of the same exogenous shock? Drawing on the attention‐based view, strategic issue diagnosis theory, and construal level theory, we propose and test a theoretical model of differentiated attention among managers within a firm driven by desirability (shock distance) and feasibility (capability perception) considerations. Managers more distant from the locus of the shock and managers with stronger ex ante perceptions regarding organizational capabilities to address the shock paid more attention to opportunity aspects and less attention to threat aspects. We also found subordination effects between shock distance and capability perception, and a moderating role of domain‐specific experience on the effects of capability perception.
    • Toward Digital Financial Services Ecosystems

      Cumps, Bjorn (Cutter Business Technology Journal, 2016)
    • Towards an international tradable green certificate system - The challenging example of Belgium

      Verhaegen, K.; Meeus, Leonardo; Belmans, Ronnie (Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2009)
      In Europe, a common framework for renewable energy sources (RES) is aspired. Tradable green certificates (TGCs) are a market-based cost-efficient means to stimulate electricity production from RES. Since TGCs are the most widespread support scheme in Europe together with feed-in tariffs, chances are that a common European framework could well be based on TGCs. However, while integrating currently existing different national TGC systems, any remaining differences should be carefully considered. Just how difficult the creation of an international TGC market would be is illustrated in this paper by the case of Belgium, where no less than 4 different TGC systems exist nowadays. The example of Belgium illustrates that harmonizing different TGC systems is easier said than done and represents a serious challenge. This clearly illustrates that a single European support scheme for RES, however desirable, is still far in the future.
    • Towards enterprise architecture infused organisations

      Cumps, Bjorn; Viaene, Stijn; Dussart, Pascal; Vanden Brande, Joachim (Journal of Enterprise Architecture, 2013)
    • Toxicity of four dibenzoylhydrazine correlates with evagination-induction in the cotton leafworm

      Smagghe, G.; Carton, B.; Heirman, Ans; Tirry, L. (Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 2000)
    • Trade Integration in the Twentieth Century: What does Belgian History tell us?

      Abraham, Filip; Buyst, Erik; Geyssens, S. (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 1997)
    • Training and firm performance in economies in transition: A comparison between Vietnam and China

      Nguyen, T.N.; Truong, Q.; Buyens, Dirk (Asia Pacific Business Review, 2011)
    • Trajectories to reconcile sharing and commercialization in the maker movement

      Langley, David; Zirngiebl, Marthe; Sbeih, Janosch; Devoldere, Bart (Business Horizons, 2017)
      Maker technologies, including collaborative digital fabrication tools like 3-D printers, enable entrepreneurial opportunities and new business models. To date, relatively few highly successful maker startups have emerged, possibly due to the dominant mindset of the makers being one of cooperation and sharing. However, makers also strive for financial stability and many have profit motives. We use a multiple case study approach to explore makers' experiences regarding the tension between sharing and commercialization and their ways of dealing with it. We conducted interviews with maker initiatives across Europe including Fab Labs, a maker R&D center, and other networks of makers. We unpack and contextualize the concepts of sharing and commercialization. Our cross-case analysis leads to a new framework for understanding these entrepreneurs' position with respect to common-good versus commercial offerings. Using the framework, we describe archetypal trajectories that maker initiatives go through in the dynamic transition from makers to social enterprises and social entrepreneurs.
    • Transforming Government for the Digital Era: A Simple Rules Strategy

      Danneels, Lieselot; Viaene, Stijn (Cutter IT journal, 2015)
      In a recently published article,1 we analyze the digital transformation of VDAB, the public employment service for the Flemish region in Belgium. Collaborating closely with the agency, we created a digital strategy for VDAB using a novel method called Action Design Research. In this article, we present VDAB's approach to digital transformation, together with its digital strategy, the “boundary-breaking rules.” Coining these rules was an important first step in VDAB's digital transformation, as they show the “boundary-breakingly” different ways in which VDAB will have to work.
    • Transforming under deep uncertainty: A strategic perspective on risk management

      Slagmulder, Regine; Devoldere, Bart (Business Horizons, 2018)
      Companies increasingly face the need for transformation in today’s rapidly changing business environment, characterized by major shifts in technology, regulation, and customer behavior. A lack of strategic risk insight and foresight leaves many incumbents insufficiently prepared in the face of such deep uncertainty. We argue that traditional risk management falls short because it predominantly focuses on strategy execution while leaving strategy formulation largely untouched. Moreover, an administrative-heavy risk management process can create strategic inertia and a misleading sense of control. In today’s dynamic business context, companies must not only increase the speed and impact of their strategy execution but also continuously explore the development of new strategies in response to disruptive events or emerging opportunities. Our research shows how leading companies develop a strategic risk management (SRM) capability to increase their resilience and agility in response to deep uncertainty. SRM takes a strategic, forward-looking perspective and focuses on strengthening processes, people, and practices for purposefully integrating risk into the strategy formulation process. This article offers a framework with three proven configurations of content and timing integration, risk management roles, and leading practices that enable effective SRM.
    • Trends bieden kansen voor wie er creatief op inspeelt

      Van Ossel, Gino; Feremans, Kiki (Zelfstandig Ondernemen Magazine, 2007)
    • Tri-Vizor uses an efficient algorithm to identify collaborative shipping opportunities

      Creemers, Stefan; Woumans, Gert; Boute, Robert; Beliën, Jeroen (Interfaces, 2017)
      Collaborative shipping programs, whereby companies bundle their transport loads, are a growing trend in logistics. By bundling shipments with other partners, available space in truck hauls for one company can be used to transport shipments for other companies. The benefits are reduced logistics costs and a lower carbon footprint. Although the advantages of collaborative shipping are clear, finding suitable collaboration partners is a major impediment. In this article we present a tool that enables the quick identification of potential partners based on their geographical compatibility, even when the database of shipment lanes is very large. The tool allows the detection of bundling, back-hauling, and round-trip opportunities, as well as “collect-and-or-drop” opportunities in which shipments are collected and (or) dropped off en route. Tri-Vizor, a facilitator and orchestrator of horizontal logistics partnerships, is currently using this tool. Any company that is looking for collaborative shipping partners would also find it valuable. For Tri-Vizor, whose database has grown to over 130,000 shipment lanes, this tool has become an indispensable asset in detecting collaborative shipping opportunities.
    • Triggers and Patterns of Integration Initiatives in Successful Buyer-Supplier Relationships

      Vanpoucke, Evelyne; Boyer, K.; Vereecke, Ann (Journal of Operations Management, 2014)
      While previous studies have focused on the benefits, risks and outcomes of buy–sell relationships, little is known about the dynamics of these relationships. Our study takes an initial step in this direction by examining how firms develop successful relationships. We review the literature and analyze multiple buyer–supplier relationships to explore developments over time, identify triggers for change, and identify effective management practices for long-term inter-organizational relationships. We employ retrospective data to compare six long-standing buyer–supplier relationships. Our data suggest a recurring pattern of integration initiatives in the evolution towards a successful buy–sell relationship. Specifically, our field data indicate that this pattern starts with initiatives for logistics responsiveness, followed by knowledge exchange initiatives and finally initiatives to increase the use of common resources. Each of these initiatives are triggered by specific opportunities and are emergent in nature. By examining the triggers in the development and maintenance of buy–sell relationships, our study adds to the integration of existing life-cycle frameworks, which increases our understanding of a life-cycle theory for inter-organizational relationships.
    • Trust between entrepreneurs and angel investors: exploring positive and negative implications for venture performance assessments

      Bammens, Yannick; Collewaert, Veroniek (Journal of Management, 2014)
      The study of trust-related outcomes has had a long tradition in the organizational literature. However, few have considered potential darker sides of trust or have explored its effects in the setting of entrepreneurial ventures. This study does so by examining how perceptions of entrepreneurs and angel investors concerning the degree of trust in their relationship impact the latter’s assessments of venture performance. Hypotheses are tested using survey data from the lead entrepreneur and angel investor of 54 ventures. Results indicate that angel investors evaluate portfolio company performance more positively when they perceive high trust, whereas entrepreneurs’ trust perceptions are negatively associated with angel investors’ assessments of venture performance. Further, these effects are partially mediated by the quality of information exchanges between both parties. Together, these findings point to the benefits as well as threats that come with the presence of strong trust in entrepreneur–angel investor relationships.
    • Trust transfer and partner selection in interfirm relationships

      Reusen, Evelien; Stouthuysen, Kristof (Accounting, Organizations and Society, 2020)
      Despite third parties being important conduits of trust, little is known about the mechanisms and conditions relevant to their influence on trust formation and partner selection in interfirm relationships. In this study, we experimentally examine how varying levels of third-party information shape the trust that buyer managers have in a potential supplier firm, and how this trust affects subsequent selection decisions. In addition, we investigate when this information is most influential, by accounting for the moderating impact of the focal firm’s own prior experience. As expected, both neutral and favorable third-party information are able to elicit trust, yet with different effects on competence and goodwill trusting beliefs. These trusting beliefs, in turn, are positively associated with the likelihood of the supplier to be selected. Notably, we find third-party effects over and above the effects resulting from own prior experience. Overall, by investigating differences with regard to the origin and content of information and the specific type of trust, this study advances a more nuanced understanding of the partner selection process.
    • Turbulente periode voor innovatiemanagement…

      Vanhaverbeke, Wim (Argument, 1999)
    • Two centuries of innovations and stock market bubbles

      Sorescu, Alina; Sorescu, Sorin; Armstrong, Will; Devoldere, Bart (Marketing Science, 2018)
      Radical and disruptive innovations are widely discussed in academia and managerial practice. Among those innovations, perhaps the most significant are epochal innovations, defined by economist Simon Kuznets to be “major breakthroughs in the advance of human knowledge, and dominant sources of sustained growth over long periods of time.” By definition, epochal innovation leads to significant economic growth and to a fundamental change of the techno-economic paradigm.