• Coordinating knowlegde creation in multidisciplinary teams: Evidence from early-stage drug discovery

      Ben-Menahem, Shiko; von Krogh, Georg; Erden, Zeynep; Schneider, Andreas (Academy of Management Journal, 2015)
      Based on a multi-year field study of early-stage drug discovery project teams at a global pharmaceutical company, this paper examines how multidisciplinary teams engaged in knowledge creation combine formal and informal coordination mechanisms when faced with unpredictable interdependencies among specialists’ knowledge domains. While multidisciplinary teams are critical for knowledge creation in increasingly specialized work environments, the coordination literature has been divided with respect to the extent to which such teams rely on formal coordination structures and informal coordination practices. Our findings show that when interdependencies among knowledge domains are dynamic and unpredictable, specialists design self-managed (sub-)teams around collectively held assumptions about interdependencies based on incomplete information (conjectural interdependencies). These team structures establish the grounds for informal coordination practices that enable specialists to both manage known interdependencies and reveal new interdependencies. Newly revealed interdependencies among knowledge domains, in turn, promote structural adaptation. Drawing on these findings, we advance an integrative model explaining how team-based knowledge creation relies on the mutual constitution of formal coordination structures and informal coordination practices. The model contributes to theory on organizational design and practice-based research on coordination in cross-disciplinary knowledge creation.
    • De Concurrentiepositie van België: Zin of Onzin van de Loonnorm

      Abraham, Filip; Goos, M.; Konings, Jozef (Leuvense Economische Standpunten, 2007)
      Using a sample from a large diversified company, this study examines the influence processes of transformational leadership (TFL) at both the individual and group levels concurrently and explores cross-level relationships. Results showed that, at the individual level, followers' personal identification with the leader mediated the effects of individual-focused TFL behavior on individual performance and empowerment. At the group level, group identification mediated the effect of group-focused TFL behavior on collective efficacy. Results also supported two cross-level effects from the group level to the individual level. The paper addresses the implications for leaders of motivating individuals and teams, at the same time.
    • De luchthaven Brussel nationaal: nieuwe uitdagingen

      De Backer, Koen; Sleuwaegen, Leo (Over.Werk, 2003)
    • Democracy is the best weapon against terrorists in Pakistan

      Lal, Rollie; Daly, Sara (Chicago Sun-Times, 2003)
    • Desindustrialisatie in België

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; De Backer, Koen (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 2001)
    • Different approaches to Strategy formulation

      Sioncke, Gratienne; Parmentier, Ann (Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 2007)
    • Do indigenous firms incur a liability of localness when operating in their home market? The case of China

      Stening, Bruce; Jiang, Fuming (Journal of World Business, 2013)
      Liability of foreignness has been one of the building blocks of theories of multinational enterprises. This paper looks at a parallel issue – the liability of localness that local firms may face as a result of foreign firms’ presence in their country. The results show that local Chinese firms enjoy location-based advantages over their foreign counterparts and these, together with their firm-specific advantages, have significant positive effects on their performance. The superior firm-specific advantages of foreign firms appear to erase the magnitude of such effects and create a significant negative impact on local Chinese firms’ performance, and this effect is heightened by foreign firms’ multinationality advantages. The research suggests that local Chinese firms incur a liability of localness, and the extent of the negative impact of such liability on local firm performance is largely dependent on the relative strength of various advantages that the local and foreign firms possess.
    • Does foreign direct investment crowed out domestic entrepreneurship?

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; De Backer, Koen (Review of Industrial Organization, 2003)
    • Economic programmes and policy: where is Russia heading?

      Pavlov, G.; Schoors, Koen; Westin, P. (Russian Economic Trends, 2000)
    • Employee layoff under different modes of restructuring: exit, downsizing or relocation

      Coucke, Kristien; Pennings, Enrico; Sleuwaegen, Leo (Industrial and Corporate Change, 2007)
    • European Competitiveness: Learning from De Grauwe Policy Cycles

      Abraham, Filip (Review of Business and Economics, 2011)
    • European integration: the third step

      Bowen, Harry; Sleuwaegen, Leo (International Economics and Economic Policy, 2007)
    • Europese netwerkvorming en delokalisatie in België

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; De Voldere, Isabelle (Bedrijfskunde, 1999)
    • Export promotion via official export insurance

      Abraham, Filip; Dewit, G. (Open Economies Review, 2000)
    • FDI Spillovers in the Chinese Manufacturing Sector: Evidence of Firm Heterogeneity

      Abraham, Filip; Konings, Jozef; Slootmaekers, V. (Economics of Transition, 2010)
    • Foreign ownership and productivity dynamics

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; De Backer, Koen (Economics Letters, 2003)
    • Foreign-based competition and corporate diversification strategy

      Bowen, Harry; Wiersema, Margarethe (Strategic Management Journal, 2005)
    • Fragmenting global business processes: A protection for proprietary information

      Gooris, Julien; Peeters, Carine (Journal of International Business Studies, 2016)
      This study shows that, when sourcing business services in foreign countries, the fragmentation of processes across production units acts as an operational-level adjustment variable for firms to adapt their information protection approach to the regulative environment of the host country they have selected and to the possibility to use internal controls over the activities performed abroad. We hypothesize that, when the above mechanisms are not available, firms are more likely to fragment processes across multiple foreign production units instead of collocating all process tasks in the same unit. Thanks to IT-enabled integration capabilities, firms can exploit the complementarities between the dispersed fragments of a process while reducing the misappropriation hazard of individual fragments. Empirical results and robustness tests are strongly congruent with these hypotheses. We find also that the propensity to turn to the process fragmentation protection mechanism increases with firm host-country-specific experience and with the alternative value of the proprietary information involved in the activity sourced abroad.
    • From manager to strategist: An examination of the evolving role of persistent high-growth entrepreneurs

      Dillen, Yannick; Laveren, Eddy; Martens, Rudy; De Vocht, Sven; Van Imschoot, Eric (International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 2019)
      Few high-growth firms (HGFs) are able to maintain high-growth over time. The purpose of this paper is to find out why only a small number of firms become persistent HGFs, explicitly focusing on the role of the founding entrepreneur in this process.
    • Global and European Labor Costs

      Abraham, Filip (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 2002)