• Clusters in the biopharmaceutical industry: Toward a new method of analysis

      Erden, Zeynep; von Krogh, Georg (Elsevier, 2011)
      Clusters are groups of co-located and interconnected firms and institutions linked by commonalities in their strategies and complementarities in their activities and resources. There are several reasons for the geographical clustering of firms in the biopharmaceutical industry. This review unpacks some advantages and disadvantages of cluster participation, and proposes a new method to enable managers and researchers to identify clusters in the biopharmaceutical industry.
    • Co-ownership of intellectual property: Exploring the value-appropriation and value-creation implications of co-patenting with different partners

      Belderbos, Rene; Cassiman, Bruno; Faems, Dries; Leten, Bart; Van Looy, Bart (2014)
      Combining both interview data and empirical analyses at the patent and firm levels, we explore the value-appropriation and value-creation implications of R&D collaboration resulting in the co-ownership of intellectual property (i.e. co-patents). We make an explicit distinction between three different types of co-patenting partners: intra-industry partners, inter-industry partners, and universities. Our findings indicate that the value-appropriation challenges of IP sharing are clearly evident with intra-industry co-patenting, where partners are more likely to encounter overlapping exploitation domains. Co-patenting with universities is associated with higher market value, since appropriation challenges are unlikely to play a role and collaboration may signal novel technological opportunities. Although we find some evidence that co-patenting corresponds to higher (patent) value, patents co-owned with firms are significantly less likely to receive self-citations, indicating constraints on the future exploitation and development of co-owned technologies.
    • Coaching Expatriate Managers for Success: Adding Value Beyond Training and Mentoring

      Abbott, Geoffrey; Stening, Bruce; Atkins, Paul; Grant, Anthony (2006)
    • Cochlear supporting cell transdifferentiation and integration into hair cell layers by inhibition of ephrin-B2 signalling

      Defourny, Jean; Mateo Sanchez, Susana; Schoonaert, Lies; Robberecht, Wim; Davy, Alice (2015)
      In mammals, cochlear sensory hair cells that are responsible for hearing are postmitotic and are not replaced after loss. One of the most promising strategies to regenerate hair cells is to identify and inhibit the factors preventing the conversion of adjacent non-sensory supporting cells into hair cells. Here we demonstrate that mammalian hair cells can be directly generated from supporting cells by inhibition of ephrin-B2 signalling. Using either ephrin-B2 conditional knockout mice, shRNA-mediated gene silencing or soluble inhibitors, we found that downregulation of ephrin-B2 signalling at embryonic stages results in supporting cell translocation into hair cell layers and subsequent switch in cell identity from supporting cell to hair cell fate. As transdifferentiation is here a result of displacement across boundary, this original finding presents the interest that newly generated hair cells directly integrate either hair cell layer, then would be likely more rapidly able to fit into functional circuitry.
    • Cockerill Sambre past theorie toe - Inkoop en Total Cost of Ownership (deel 3)

      Roodhooft, Filip; Degraeve, Zeger; Frères, D.; Genou, D.; Smets, R. (2000)
    • Coevolutionary cycles of convergence: an extrapolation from ICT industry

      Hacklin, Fredrik; Marxt, C.; Fahrni, F. (Elsevier, 2009)
    • Cognitive distance, betweenness centrality and density

      Gilsing, Victor; Nooteboom, Bart; Vanhaverbeke, Wim; Duysters, Geert; Van den Oord, Ad (2008)
    • Cognitive motivation correlates of coping style in decisional conflict

      Bouckenooghe, Dave; Vanderheyden, Karlien; Van Laethem, Sarah; Mestdagh, Steven (2007)
    • Cognitive styles, user acceptance and commitment to strategic plans in public organizations : An empirical analysis

      George, B.; Desmidt, S.; Cools, Eva; Prinzie, Anita (2018)
      Given the lack of insights into the micro-determinants of strategic planning (SP) in public organizations, this study uses information-processing theory and self-efficacy theory to investigate individual-level predictors of commitment to strategic plans among planning team members (PTMs). Specifically, we investigate whether plan commitment is contingent upon the fit between PTMs' preferred way of information-processing (i.e. their cognitive style) and the information-processing characteristics underlying SP processes in public organizations. Based on data gathered with 439 PTMs from 203 Flemish municipalities, we find that PTMs with a creating and planning style are committed to strategic plans because they deem SP useful.
    • Collaborative modeling

      Rittgen, Peter (2009)
    • Collaborative shipping in the sharing economy

      Beliën, Jeroen; Boute, Robert; Creemers, Stefan; De Bruecker, Philippe; Gijsbrechts, Joren; Valeria Paclilla Tinoco, Silvia; Verheyen, Wouter (INFORMS: Institute for Operations Research, 2017)
    • Collaborative shipping under different cost-sharing agreements

      Padilla Tinoco, Silvia Valeria; Creemers, Stefan; Boute, Robert (2017)
      We study collaborative shipping where two shippers bundle their shipments to share the same transportation vehicle (also known as co-loading). The goal of such a collaboration is to reduce the total number of transports, thereby reducing transportation costs and CO2emissions. To synchronize the replenishment of both companies, we adopt a can-order joint replenishment policy for both companies, and we analyze how the costs of each individual company are impacted by the collaboration. We consider different agreements to redistribute the costs (or the gains) of the collaboration, ranging from no cost redistribution at all, sharing the transportation costs (or its gains) only, to sharing the total logistics costs (or its gains) that are impacted by the collaboration, i.e., transportation + inventory costs. We show that the stability (and thus the long-term viability) of the partnership strongly depends on the cost-sharing agreement, in combination with the allocation mechanism used to share the costs (or gains) of the coordination. Although most companies focus on the redistribution of transportation costs, we show that this might not lead to a stable situation where each individual company eventually benefits from collaboration.
    • Collaborative Shipping Under Information Distortion

      Padilla Tinoco, Silvia Valeria; Spiliotopoulou, Eirini; Boute, Robert (Springer, 2018)
      We examine the incentives for a firm to provide non-truthful demand information under a two-company shipping collaboration. We analyze how distorted demand reporting impacts the logistics costs of each individual company in the collaboration and how this impacts the stability of the collaboration agreement. We find that when the cost allocation proportions are agreed ex-ante based on the reported demand, companies have an incentive to deflate their demand when simple cost allocation rules are used; only when the Shapley value is in place, companies have no incentive to distort their demand information. When the cost allocation proportions are calculated ex-post, based on realized demand, the truth-telling strategy is dominant when the Shapley value or an allocation rule based on the demand or stand-alone costs is in place.
    • Collaborative value creation from a degrowth perspective

      Hankammer, Stephan; Kleer, Robin (Elsevier, 2018)
      The concept of degrowth aims fundamentally at reducing material and energy throughput equitably, while questioning the desirability of further economic growth. In order to achieve this reduction of society’s throughput, radical changes in the ways goods and services are produced, distributed and used are required. In this think piece, concepts of consumer integration into the value creation process and (new) enabling technologies are discussed as possible constituting elements of alternative organizational models in a degrowth society. To date, collaborative value creation concepts, such as crowdsourcing and mass customization, have been discussed almost exclusively as business model patterns for companies in economies that are set to grow. The same applies to the assessment of (new) technologies, such as additive manufacturing, web-based user interfaces for co-creation, and other flexible production technologies that allow for collaborative and individualized production. Potential positive and negative effects of these concepts and technologies with regard to the objectives of degrowth are discussed in order to initiate a debate about the inclusion of CVC for the design of alternative organizational models that are in line with degrowth thinking. This think piece illustrates that several elements of collaborative value creation and its enabling technologies coincide with degrowth objectives but do not lead per se to their attainment. Thereby, a starting point for future (empirical) work in this area is generated.
    • Combined influence of selective focus and decision involvement on attitude. Behavior consistency in a context of memory-based decision making

      Van Kerckhove, Anneleen; Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (2011)
      This study uses a Delphi approach – a method which essentially canvasses the opinions of a panel of experts over successive rounds – to forecast the Chinese business environment in the next decade. A total of 61 issues covering economic, political–legal and socio–cultural factors are examined, focusing on their anticipated direction (and magnitude), as well as their importance. Overall, a very high level of consensus is revealed about how the Chinese business environment might look 10 years from now. In a number of fundamental respects it is expected to be markedly different from the present situation, but in some other respects remarkably similar.