• Innovation in the elderly care sector: at the edge of chaos

      Verleye, Katrien; Gemmel, Paul (Journal of Management & Marketing in Healthcare, 2011)
    • IP Models to orchestrate innovation ecosystems: IMEC, a public research institute in nano-electronics

      Leten, Bart; Vanhaverbeke, Wim; Roijakkers, Nadine; Clerix, André; Van Helleputte, J. (California Management Review, 2013)
      Companies increasingly organize innovation activities within innovation ecosystems. This study illustrates the central role of the IP-model that an orchestrator develops for the innovation ecosystem partners. The governance of IP is instrumental for the success of innovation ecosystems as it determines the value appropriation potential for the ecosystem partners and positively influences the success of innovation ecosystems. The insights are based on a case study of IMEC, a public research institute in nano-electronics. IMEC has an IP-based orchestration model for innovation ecosystems through multi-party research collaborations between public and private firms. (Keywords: Innovation Management, Intellectual Property, Innovation Networks, Innovation Ecosystems, Open Innovation)
    • Learning mode of small business owners in Belgium

      Willem, Annick; Van den Broeck, Herman (International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2009)
    • Linking technology intelligence to open innovation

      Veugelers, Mark; Bury, J.; Viaene, Stijn (Technological forecasting and social change, 2010)
      The explosive growth of the Internet has led to a dramatic increase in data sources for (competitive) technology intelligence. Appropriate implementation and use of IT tools to gather and analyze these data is of key importance for the creation of actionable technology intelligence. A strategy to optimize investments in the identified technologies becomes of paramount importance if an organization wants to match knowledge and ideas originating from outside of the organization with internal core competences. Such a strategy can create competitive advantage by effectively linking technology intelligence to open innovation. We show how VIB, a life sciences research organization, has established technology intelligence processes to identify a multitude of external technologies of interest, which are subsequently “probed” for their potential and fit with VIB using real options reasoning, thereby supporting open innovation. Our methodology may be useful for other organizations which are considering implementing open innovation approaches.
    • Local manufacturing and structural shifts in competition: Market dynamics of additive manufacturing

      Kleer, Robin; Pillier, Frank T. (International Journal of Production Economics, 2019)
      Additive manufacturing (AM) allows to build components and finished series products directly from 3D data, without the need for tooling or other setup cost. An often discussed, but hardly investigated opportunity of AM is to establish economical and scalable local production facilities for innovating consumers (who turn into “prosumers”). In this paper, we investigate the effect of such a local production (enabled by AM) on consumer welfare, market structure, and competitive dynamics. Doing so, we provide a new perspective on the fundamental trade-off between the instant availability of (perfectly fitting) products manufactured by and in close proximity to a consumer and the efficiency gains of realizing economies of scale by producing standard products in a central facility. We analyze AM from the perspective of the established theories of user innovation and spatial competition. Building on two game-theoretical (Hotelling) models, we show that there is scope for the improvement of consumer welfare arising from local production by consumer producers. Our analysis allows us to make a number of propositions concerning the effects of AM on market structure when adopted by local users, and to identify the specific conditions of these shifts.
    • Mapping the topic landscape of JPIM, 1984–2013: In search of hidden structures and development trajectories

      Antons, David; Kleer, Robin; Salge, Torsten Oliver (Journal of Product Innovation Management, 2016)
      During the three decades since its inception in 1984, the JPIM has shaped the evolution of innovation research as a scientific field. It helped create a topic landscape that is not only more diverse and rich in insights, but also more complex and fragmented in structure than ever before. We seek to map this landscape and identify salient development trajectories over time. In contrast to prior citation-based studies covering the first two decades of JPIM research, we benefit from recent advances in natural language processing and rely on a topic modeling algorithm to extract 57 distinct topics and the corresponding most common words, terms, and phrases from the entire full-text corpus of 1008 JPIM articles published between 1984 and 2013. Estimating the development trajectory of each topic based on yearly publication counts in JPIM allows us to identify “hot,” “cold,” “revival,” “evergreen,” and “wall-flower” topics. We map these topics onto the Product Development and Management Association (PDMA) Body of Knowledge categories and discover that these categories differ significantly not only in terms of their internal topic diversity and relative prevalence, but also—and arguably more importantly—in terms of their publication and citation trajectories over time. For instance, the PDMA category “Codevelopment and Alliances” exhibits only moderate topic diversity (7 out of 57 topics) and prevalence in JPIM (161 out of 1008 articles). That said, it is among the most dynamic categories featuring two evergreen topic (“Users and Innovation” and “Tools and Systems for Technology Transfer”) and three hot topics (“Open Innovation,” “Alliances and Cooperation,” and “Networks and Network Structure”) as well as a sharply growing annual number of citations received. Our findings are likely to be of interest to all those who are keen to (re)discover JPIM's topic landscape in search of hidden structures and development trajectories.
    • Netwerkvorming in R&D: implicaties voor het management van technische professionals

      Clarysse, Bart; Debackere, Koenraad; Van Dierdonck, Roland (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 1995)
    • New trends in technology management education: a view from Europe

      Clarysse, Bart; Mosey, Simon; Lambrecht, Inge (Academy of Management Learning and Education, 2009)
    • Non-technological and non-economic dimensions of national innovation systems

      Müller, K.; Wetzel, Ralf; Roth, Steffen (Journal for Innovation and Regional Development, 2010)
    • Nurturing and growing innovative start-ups: the role of policy as integrator

      Clarysse, Bart; Bruneel, Johan (R & D Management, 2007)
    • Open innovation in SMEs: Trends, motives and management challenges

      Van de Vrande, Vareska J.A.; De Jong, Jeroen; Vanhaverbeke, Wim; De Rochemont, Maurice (Technovation, 2009)
    • Principles for organizations striving for sustainable degrowth: Framework development and application to four B Corps

      Hankammer, Stephan; Kleer, Robin; Mühl, Lena; Euler, Johannes (Journal of Cleaner Production, 2021)
      Economic growth is generally seen as a central economic and political goal. The critique of this view has increased recently. In this context post-growth concepts, such as sustainable degrowth, emerged as an alternative paradigm focusing on ensuring human wellbeing within planetary boundaries. Since business activity is a key driving force behind economic growth, the role of corporate organizations in a transition towards a post-growth society is a particularly challenging question. It is still unclear, for instance, what business models for organizations approaching degrowth could look like. Therefore, our study aims to contribute to understanding guiding principles for organizations approaching degrowth. In this exploratory work, we use a two-step approach: First, based on a systematic literature review, we derive principles for a conceptual framework composed of business-relevant claims in the degrowth discourse in order to assemble and synergize fragmented findings. The resulting conceptual framework serves to describe and assess organizations with respect to their approximation to degrowth. Second, we apply the framework to four organizations certified as B Corps based on qualitative content analysis of interviews with corporate representatives and additional company data. Overall, our findings show that B Corps rather successfully implement numerous degrowth-approaching principles in their organization within our current economic system, while none of the organizations is seen as fully degrowth-conform. With our analysis we uncover significant tensions regarding growth-orientation and identify further needs for empirical and conceptual research.
    • Radicale technologische innovatie: opportuniteit of bedreiging?

      Buelens, Marc (Vlerick Management Focus, 2004)
    • Reframing the role of lead users in radical innovations: an open innovation perspective

      Vanhaverbeke, Wim; Du, Jingshu (International Journal of Business Environment, 2010)
    • Regional cohesion in Europe? An analysis of how EU public RTD support influences the techno-economic regional landscape

      Clarysse, Bart (Research Policy, 2001)
      To date, European Union (EU) policy has been in favor of balanced regional growth. Since the 1980s, EU has adopted a policy which aims to strengthen the science and technology bases of the member states, necessary to increase their competitiveness. This EU research, technology and development (RTD) policy also has to contribute to other Community policies such as economic cohesion. Competitiveness and cohesion are two basic elements which are necessary for a balanced economic growth. Despite these objectives, many economic and technological differences still exist between European regions. To show these differences, we present in this paper a new typology of regions which are categorized on the basis of their current state of economic and technological development, their short-term evolution in technological development and their short-term economic growth. Further, we analyze whether these different types of regions tend to converge or diverge, both economically and technologically. Because technological development is the foremost factor used to explain economic growth we further analyze the role of EU RTD policy to diffuse technology from the economically more advanced to the less advanced regions. To explore this question, we use a unique set of regional participation and collaboration data in the EU Framework Programs. Regional participation data is used to measure the direct impact of EU RTD policy on technology development, while the collaboration data is analyzed by means of social network techniques as an indicator of technology diffusion. It is shown that the current RTD policy enforces the technological strength of the best performing regions, but plays a clear role in technology diffusion towards a limited group of catching up regions.
    • Risk measurement and management during new product development: An exploratory study

      Szwejczewski, Marek; Mitchell, Rick; Lemke, Fred (International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 2008)
      Developing a new product involves risk. Several writers on the subject of product development have suggested various approaches for determining and managing risk. However, while much has been written about how firms should manage risk, there has been very little research regarding what companies are doing in practice. This paper seeks to rectify this situation by presenting the results of a research project that investigated how a number of UK manufacturing companies measure and manage risk during the New Product Development (NPD) process.