• Globalisering: Troef of Bedreiging

      Abraham, Filip (Tandheelkundige Tijdingen, 2001)
    • Growth of Firms in Developing countries, Evidence from Cote D'Ivoire

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; Goedhuys, Micheline (Journal of Development Economics, 2002)
      This paper presents evidence in support of a particular growth process of firms that is consistent with the missing middle in the size distribution of manufacturing firms in African countries. Firm growth is explained by size and age effects as a result of efficiency exploiting through scale enlargements and learning, but is strongly moderated by reputation effects and formal legitimation which facilitate access to output markets and resources. Complementing the model with data on growth obstacles as perceived by the owners of firms, medium-sized firms are found to be strongly hurt by insufficient access to infrastructure and financial services.
    • Het verband tussen marktgerichtheid en het bedrijfsresultaat van industriële ondernemingen in uiteenlopende bedrijfstakken

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; Langerak, F.; Commandeur, Harry (Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 1999)
    • Home-host country distance in offshore governance choices

      Gooris, Julien; Peeters, Carine (Journal of International Management, 2014)
      This paper studies the effect of home–host country distance on the choice of governance mode in service offshoring. Using a Transaction Cost Economics approach, we explore the comparative costs of the hierarchical and contractual models to show that different dimensions of distance (geographic, cultural and institutional), because they generate different types of uncertainties, impact offshore governance choices in different ways. Empirical results confirm that, on the one hand, firms are more likely to respond to internal uncertainties resulting from geographic and cultural distance by leveraging the internal controls and collaboration mechanisms of a captive offshore service center. On the other hand, they tend to respond to external uncertainties resulting from institutional distance by limiting their foreign commitment and leveraging the resources and local experience of third party service providers. Finally, we find that the temporal distance component (time zone difference) of geographical dispersion between onshore and offshore countries plays a dominant role over the spatial distance component.
    • How can we signal the value of our knowledge? Knowledge-based reputation and its impact on firm performance in science-based industries

      Erden, Zeynep; Klang, David; Sydler, Renato; von Krogh, Georg (Long Range Planning, 2015)
      This study shows that the value of a firm's knowledge stocks in a stakeholder group is determined by the rules, values, norms and social evaluations conducted in that group. Based on prior work on the knowledge-based view of the firm and institutional theory, we develop a model of the relationship between the reputation of a firm's knowledge stocks in the scientific and business communities, and the impact of these assets on firm performance. We test the model in a longitudinal research setting with a set of carefully sampled public biopharmaceutical firms. The results indicate that the social evaluations of knowledge stocks by both the scientific and business communities affect firm performance. We indicate the implications of our findings for academic thought and for management practice.
    • How leader alignment of words and deeds affects followers: a meta-analysis of behavioral integrity research

      Simons, Tony L.; Leroy, Hannes; Collewaert, Veroniek; Masschelein, Stijn (Journal of Business Ethics, 2015)
      Substantial research examines the follower consequences of leader (mis)alignment of words and deeds, but no research has quantitatively reviewed these effects. This study examines extant research on behavioral integrity (BI) and contrasts it with two other constructs that focus on (mis)alignment: moral integrity and psychological contract breaches. We compare effect sizes between the three constructs, and find that BI has stronger effects on trust, in-role task performance and citizenship behavior (OCB) than moral integrity and stronger effects on commitment and OCB than psychological contract breach. These stronger attitudinal consequences run counter to our initial expectations, but they provide evidence of important conceptual distinctions and mechanisms that we articulate. BI theory suggests that BI’s greater performance impact is due to the notion that BI affects communication clarity in addition to attitudes. Results of meta-analytic structural equation modeling are consistent with this proposed dual path of BI’s impact. We highlight avenues for future research on BI and discuss how our findings inform the broader research on leader (mis)alignment.
    • Human capital and the internationalization of venture capital firms

      Manigart, Sophie; Collewaert, Veroniek; Wright, Mike; Pruthi, S.; Lockett, Andy; Bruining, Hans; Hommel, Ulrich; Landström, Hans (International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2007)
    • Humankapital bewerten

      Weiss, Martin; Sterzel, J. (Personal. Zeitschrift für Human Resource Management, 2007)
    • Integrated Performance Management: Adding a new dimension

      Verweire, Kurt; Van den Berghe, Lutgart (Management Decision, 2003)
    • International commitment, post-entry growth and survival of international new ventures

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; Onkelinx, Jonas (Journal of Business Venturing, 2014)
      This paper makes several contributions to the emerging literature on the post-entry behavior of international new ventures. Based on an extensive longitudinal data set, we investigate the dynamics of commitment, growth and survival of different types of newly internationalizing Belgian firms. Global start-ups have the highest initial and rapidly rising export commitment per market and are also more likely to continue exporting over time than geographically focused start-ups, and traditional staged exporters. However, global start-ups also display the highest failure rate. This high failure rate appears to result primarily from the ‘liability of newness’ and less from the added complexity associated with rapid and wide scope internationalization.
    • International relocation of production: where do firms go?

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; Pennings, Enrico (Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 2006)
    • International relocation: firm and industry determinants

      Sleuwaegen, Leo; Pennings, Enrico (Economics Letters, 2000)
    • Intra-industry diversification effects under firm-specific contingencies on the demand side

      Smeritschnig, Florian; Muellner, Jakob; Nell, Phillip C.; Weiss, Martin (Long Range Planning, 2021)
      How do firm-specific, demand-related factors influence the relationship between intra-industry diversification (IID) and performance? Recent findings regarding the performance effects of IID depict a complex picture with curvilinear relationships and several contingencies. However, firm-specific contingencies on the demand side have remained unexplored. We analyze how IID relates to firm performance (market share) in the German automotive industry using panel data between 1999 and 2008. We specifically focus on a firm's high-quality brand image as a demand-side contingency. We find support for our hypotheses of complex curvilinear relationships as well as for moderating effects of brand quality. Our results have significant theoretical implications for the IID literature.
    • Judging Factor Abundance

      Bowen, Harry; Sveikauskas, Leo (The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1992)
      Recent theory casts doubt on the frequently used interindustry regression method of inferring a country's abundant factors. The empirical importance of these theoretical qualifications is examined by comparing regression-derived estimates of factor abundance with both revealed and actual factor abundances for 35 countries and 12 resources. The theoretical importance of trade imbalances for the reliability of the regression estimates is demonstrated, and a theoretically consistent trade imbalance correction is proposed and implemented. The results indicate that, despite valid theoretical concerns, the regression estimates are generally reliable indicators of revealed factor abundance. Therefore, the innumerable regression studies conducted over the past 30 years can be considered to provide reliable evidence concerning the validity of the factor abundance theory.
    • Knowledge sharing in an online community of volunteers: The role of community munificence

      Erden, Zeynep; von Krogh, Georg; Kim, Seonwoo (European Management Review, 2012)
      This study examines how perceived benefits, and context in online communities, shape members' intentions to share their knowledge. We build a model of knowledge‐sharing intention and provide empirical evidence using survey data collected from a community in which members voluntarily exchange their experiences, ideas, and questions on photographic equipment via online platforms. We find the perceived benefits and favorable conditions provided by a community (community munificence) – which consists of collective knowledge, experienced interdependence, opportunity structures, and psychological safety – influence individuals' motivation to contribute knowledge. We discuss managerial implications and outline suggestions for future theory building and empirical research.
    • Kwaliteit van het Overheidsapparaat en Europa als Springplank

      Abraham, Filip (Nieuwsbrief van het Steunpunt voor Werkgelegenheid, Arbeid en Vorming, 2000)
    • Leidt de EU-uitbreiding tot Sociale Afbouw?

      Abraham, Filip (Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Sociale Zekerheid, 2006)