• Exploring Green Consumers' Mind-set towards green product design and life cycle assessment: the case of sceptical Brazilian and Portuguese green consumers

      Lemke, Fred; Luzio, J.P.P. (Journal of Industrial Ecology, 2014)
      Businesses are increasingly interested in exploring the key concepts of industrial ecology (IE), particularly within the context of market‐oriented sustainability. However, few studies have researched how green consumers perceive production as having relevant product design and life cycle assessment (LCA) dimensions. In this article, we explore green consumers’ mind‐set toward such system tools of IE by conducting 18 in‐depth interviews with Brazilian and Portuguese green consumers. We propose a simplified theoretical framework for achieving market‐oriented sustainability based on the multidisciplinary potential between IE and marketing. Our analysis suggests that there are still important gaps between what green consumers demand and what businesses are currently able (or willing) to supply. Our findings support the idea that businesses interested in following IE within the context of market‐oriented sustainability should spend greater effort in understanding the green consumer's production‐related mind‐set. In particular, we propose (1) avoiding consumer skepticism and dissatisfaction with greenwashing and (2) establishing credibility and information transparency. Both seem to act as preconditions to better align the product design and LCA processes with green consumer needs within the emerging paradigm of market‐oriented sustainability.
    • Exploring green consumers' product demands and consumption processes: The Case of Portuguese green consumers

      Luzio, J.P.P.; Lemke, Fred (European Business Review, 2013)
      Purpose ‐ There is a research gap in terms of understanding how green consumers perceive green products in a marketplace context. The purpose of this paper is to respond to this omission by exploring the green consumers' product demands and consumption processes. Design/methodology/approach ‐ Semi-structured in-depth interviews with Portuguese green consumers are used to discuss potential key factors (reasons to buy green products, defining green product characteristics, feelings about pricing, perceived product confidence, willingness to compromise, environmental knowledge, consideration of alternatives, product's point of purchase and use and disposal). Findings ‐ The analysis indicates that green consumers represent an artificial segment and provides further empirical support to the definition of sustainability as a market-oriented concept. The paper's findings suggest that mainstreaming green products is a more positive alternative than green segmentation. Research limitations/implications ‐ This research is exploratory in nature and the authors followed established guidelines to ensure objectivity. However, the study's findings are restricted to Portuguese green consumers and a replication in other countries would help to remove any potential country bias. Practical implications ‐ Sustainable businesses are eager to learn who the green consumer is in order to define this market segment. This may not represent the best strategy, however. Targeting green products to a niche market based only on intangible environmental or ethical values may not only be hindering the progress of sustainability as a market-oriented concept but also missing the huge opportunity of gaining competitive advantage in the inevitable future marketplace. Originality/value ‐ Most marketing studies were unsuccessful in segmenting green consumers even "on average", resulting in elusive and contradictory outcomes. Only very few studies are aimed at exploring the green consumer's behavior using qualitative research approaches. This paper explores the product demands of green consumers, as well as their consumption processes in detail.
    • Exploring principal's beliefs about their role as leaders and the impact of school culture

      Devos, Geert; Bouckenooghe, Dave (Leadership and policy in schools, 2009)
    • Exploring social preferences in private-collection innovation

      Garriga, Helena; Aksuyek, Efe; Hacklin, Fredrik; von Krogh, Georg (Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 2012)
      Firms, research institutions and individuals have long realised the advantages of innovating in an open manner. Companies such as IBM, Philips and Procter & Gamble, increasingly seek to cooperate with outside individuals and organisations to tap into their ideas for new products and services. This approach makes good business sense, but it is also difficult to achieve. In particular, mechanisms that motivate innovators to ‘open up’ are critical in achieving the benefits of open innovation. Private–collective innovation (PCI) has become an increasingly important model for explaining innovation at the boundaries of traditional, closed and open innovation regimes. Previous work has examined PCI both conceptually and empirically, and recent scholarship has focused specifically on the initiation of PCI as it relates to problems of collective action. This work shows that a project will not ‘take off’ unless the right incentives are in place for innovators to contribute their knowledge to open innovation from the beginning. Drawing on behavioural game theory, this paper expands on prior work by exploring social preferences in the initiation of PCI. The authors conducted a simulation study that shows how inequality aversion, reciprocity and fairness affect the underlying conditions that lead to the initiation of PCI. The results indicate that reciprocity and the potential gains for other participants explain changes in individual knowledge sharing in PCI.
    • Exploring the bullwhip effect by means of spreadsheet simulation

      Boute, Robert; Lambrecht, Marc (INFORMS Transactions on Education, 2009)
    • Exploring the Double-Sided Effect of Information Asymmetry and Uncertainty in Mergers and Acquisitions

      Luypaert, Mathieu; Van Caneghem, Tom (Financial Management, 2017)
      We examine the joint effect of bidder and target information asymmetry and uncertainty on the payment consideration and subsequent wealth effects in a large sample of acquisitions with both listed and private targets. In line with a risk-sharing argument, we find that acquisitions of targets characterized by higher uncertainty are more likely to be settled with stock. In contrast, higher target information asymmetry increases the likelihood of a cash payment, consistent with bidders strategically exploiting superior information. Acquirers of more opaque targets obtain a larger fraction of total acquisition gains and avoid sharing these gains with target shareholders by offering cash.
    • Exploring the Dual-Level Effects of Transformational Leadership on Followers

      Wang, Frank; Howell, J. M. (Journal of Applied Psychology, 2010)
    • Exploring the impact of cognitive style profiles on different learning approaches: Empirical evidence for adopting a person-centered perspective

      Bouckenooghe, Dave; Cools, Eva; De Clercq, Dirk; Vanderheyden, Karlien; Fatima, T. (Learning and Individual Differences, 2016)
      This study aims to clarify whether and how various configurations of three cognitive style dimensions (creating, knowing, and planning) emerge among graduate business students, with differential impacts on their learning approaches. With a person-centered, latent transition analysis of cognitive styles, the authors identify several distinct cognitive style profiles: a moderate cognitive style profile, a dominant creating and knowing style profile, a dominant creating and low planning style profile, and a dominant planning and low creating style profile. The analysis also offers evidence of the trait-like character of these cognitive style profiles, by demonstrating their temporal stability. Furthermore, significant differences arise across profiles in terms of how they relate to different learning approaches (strategic, deep, and surface learning).
    • Exploring the Impact of Open Innovation on National Systems of Innovation - a Theoretical Analysis

      Wang, Yuandi; Vanhaverbeke, Wim; Roijakkers, Nadine (Technological forecasting and social change, 2012)
      This paper investigates the impact of open innovation on national systems of innovation. The open innovation concept has become widely established among scholars and practitioners. However, an overview of its impact on national innovation systems is still lacking. Given that the innovating firm is at the core of national innovation systems, a better understanding of shifting innovation strategies at the firm level is of fundamental importance to the actions of policy-makers within the national innovation systems framework. Based on the main analytical approaches of national innovation systems and the current state of open innovation research, we argue that open innovation practices have at least three critical effects on national systems of innovation: (a) they reinforce its importance; (b) they improve its effectiveness; and (c) they diversify its networks.
    • Export promotion via official export insurance

      Abraham, Filip; Dewit, G. (Open Economies Review, 2000)
    • Extending and ICT4D computer re-use model with e-waste handling activities: a case study

      Cumps, Bjorn (Information Technology for Development, 2015)
      This paper illustrates how a computer re-use model can be extended to deal with e-waste challenges. First, we describe the re-use of computers as a factor that can help bridge the global digital divide. In an ICT4D context, refurbished computers can be used in developing countries. We describe and illustrate the operating model of such a computer re-use organization, highlighting the different components and interactions of the operating model. Next, we discuss how e-waste puts this computer re-use model under pressure. We argue that the sustainability of computer re-use in an ICT4D context is seriously impacted by this increasing e-waste problem. Finally, we describe how a computer re-use model can be extended and complemented with e-waste handling activities to retain positive effects in an ICT4D context. The paper is based on a single case study
    • Extending electronic sourcing theory: an exploratory study of electronic reverse auction outcomes

      Amelinckx, Isabelle; Muylle, Steve; Lievens, Annouk (Electronic Commerce Research & Applications, 2008)
    • Extending internalisation theory

      Casson, Mark; Dark, Ken; Gulamhussen, Azzim (International Business Review, 2009)
    • Extending the Production Dice Game

      Lambrecht, Marc; Creemers, Stefan; Boute, Robert; Leus, Roel (International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 2012)
    • Extensions of earned value management: Using the earned incentive metric to improve signal quality

      Kerkhove, Louis-Philippe; Vanhoucke, Mario (International Journal of Project Management, 2017)
      This research introduces novel control metrics for projects that use cost and/or time incentives. The proposed technique extends the traditional earned value management (EV M) methodology for project control. This is done by measuring the deviation in the accrual of incentives, rather than the time and cost performance relative to the planned schedule. The proposed dedicated approach avoids two key issues when controlling incentivized projects using traditional earned value management. Firstly, the impact of variations in the cost and time dimensions are adequately weighted in the control signals. Secondly, the technique is capable of monitoring the potential non-linear accrual of incentive amounts throughout the project. The performance of the proposed technique is tested by means of a computational experiment on 4200 projects of varying size, structure and type of incentive contract. The results show that the proposed technique improves signal quality when compared to traditional EV M metrics.
    • External Professional Management in a University Spin Off: Friend of Foe?

      Moray, Nathalie; Clarysse, Bart (Iniciativa Emprendedora. Con la colaboracion académica del IESE, 2004)
    • External technology sourcing through alliances and acquisitions, an analysis of the ASIC industry

      Vanhaverbeke, Wim; Duysters, Geert; Noorderhaven, Niels (Organization Science, 2002)
    • External technology sourcing: the effect of uncertainty on governance mode choice

      Van de Vrande, Vareska J.A.; Vanhaverbeke, Wim; Duysters, Geert (Journal of Business Venturing, 2009)
    • Externe bestuurders mee in de cockpit van uw bedrijf

      Levrau, Abigail; Vanacker, Tom; Van den Berghe, Lutgart (Vokawijzer, 2012)