• A classification of programmes and its managerial impact

      Vereecke, Ann; Stevens, Marleen; Pandelaere, Els; Deschoolmeester, Dirk (2003)
      The paper describes the results of an exploratory research study on the application of programme management in six companies. A classification of programmes is developed that may help in understanding the differences between programmes and the managerial impact of these differences. The research shows that the formalised and rigorous approach as described in most programme management handbooks is not widely adopted. The cases show less centralisation, less formalisation and less management of the interdependencies between the projects in the programme than one would expect on the basis of the programme management literature. This is especially the case in programmes that originate as a grouping of a set of existing projects. Yet, formalisation is mentioned as the main success factor in managing programmes. Keywords: Programme management, project management, management of change
    • The manufacturing profile of flexible and low-cost producers: an empirical study

      Vereecke, Ann; Pandelaere, Els (2004)
      Since the introduction of the concepts of lean manufacturing, agility and mass customization it is questioned to what extent the trade-off between cost and flexibility still holds. It has been the objective of our research to test the trade-off theory empirically using the data of the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey (IMSS). Our research confirms the well accepted manufacturing profile of low cost producers, which typically use a line process, and of flexible producers, which typically produce in a job shop. However, we also observe that some companies manage to overcome the cost/flexibility trade-off, by introducing the concept of postponed manufacturing. These companies are characterized by an assembly-to-order policy of standardized semi-finished products, produced in a line process. Flexibility and low cost are thus obtained by playing with the position of the decoupling point. Keywords: manufacturing strategy, mass customization, flexibility