• Searching the heffalump: using traits and cognitive styles to predict entrepreneurial orientation

      Cools, Eva; Van den Broeck, Herman (2006)
      The aim of this study was to get more insight into what typifies Flemish entrepreneurs. We compared entrepreneurs with non-entrepreneurs for five traits (tolerance for ambiguity, self-efficacy, proactive personality, locus of control, need for achievement) and for cognitive styles. Additionally, we used these trait and cognitive characteristics to predict variances in entrepreneurial orientation (EO). Whereas the link between EO and organizational performance has been studied intensively, the examination of possible antecedents of EO remains a white space. We found that entrepreneurs (N = 177) score significantly higher on all traits than non-entrepreneurs (N = 60). For the cognitive styles (measured with the Cognitive Style Indicator), we found that non-entrepreneurs score higher on the knowing and planning style. No differences were found for the creating style. With regard to the link between the entrepreneur's profile and EO, we found a significant contribution of tolerance for ambiguity and proactive personality to EO. Keywords: traits, cognitive styles, entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurs versus non-entrepreneurs
    • Segmenting the senior market: professional and social activity level

      Weijters, Bert; Geuens, Maggie (2003)
      A segmentation of the senior market is presented based on two dichotomous variables: social and professional activity / inactivity. The resulting four groups are labeled socially active employees, socially passive employees, socially active retirees and socially passive retirees. By means of analyses of variance, the main and interaction effects of the two segmentation bases on a wide range of consumer behavior related variables are investigated. Significant relations are found for (among others) personality, values, discretionary time, discretionary income, cognitive age, media usage, several aspects of purchasing behavior, and leisure activities.
    • Setting priorities in Healthcare. Investing in the right innovations at the right time

      Van Dyck, Walter; Verdonck, Pascal (2018)
      This white paper explores the current situation in the healthcare sector – and where it could be in the future. It outlines how we can make our health organisations more innovative – and crucially, how we can decide which ideas are worth investing in.
    • Seven things that brilliant product managers do (and how to learn them)

      Tackx, Koen (2019)
      When you were eight years old, what did you want to be when you grew up? Did you have a dream job in mind? It’s rare to meet a product manager who says that it has always been their dream job. Yet when you get to it, being a product manager is one of the most exciting and rewarding professional roles you could ever embrace. It’s a role where you can take ownership, gain the respect of your colleagues and peers – and lay the foundation for a successful career.
    • Simultaneous competitor and customer diffusion: a market growth model based on market space and competition

      Debruyne, Marion (2006)
      This paper addresses the interaction between competitive dynamics and market evolution. Specifically, it focuses on the development of the market of a new product, in terms of customer adoption as well as competitive entry. The objective of this paper is to develop a model for the growth stage of a new market that addresses the supplier and customer diffusion process and the interaction between them. The contribution of our approach is threefold: (i) the development of a competitor diffusion model, (ii) the combination of a competitor diffusion model with a customer diffusion model, recognizing the interplay between competitive entry and market-level diffusion, and (iii) the recognition that competitive entry effects in the diffusion model are endogenous, resulting from the entry decisions of firms.
    • Smart cities initiative: how to foster a quick transition towards local sustainable energy systems

      Meeus, Leonardo; Delarue, Erik; Azevedo, Isabel; Glachant, Jean-Michel; Leal, V.; de oliveira Fernandes, E. (2010)
    • Smart regulation for smart grids

      Meeus, Leonardo; Saguan, Marcelo; Glachant, Jean-Michel; Belmans, Ronnie (2010)
    • SMES, FDI and financial constraints

      De Maeseneire, Wouter; Claeys, Tine (2007)
    • So I'm leaving...and now what? Exploring drivers of the decision to sell upon entrepreneurial exit

      Leroy, Hannes; Manigart, Sophie; Meuleman, Miguel; Collewaert, Veroniek (2010)
    • Socially responsible investment: differences between Europe and the United States

      Louche, Céline; Lydenberg, Steven (2006)
      Since the early 1970s, Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) has grown from a curiosity and niche-market phenomenon in the financial world to become a global movement, which is embraced now in most countries around the world. The paper focuses on the development and practices of SRI in the United States and Europe. The aim is to explore the historical, cultural and political embeddedness of SRI. Based on second sources of information, it offers a comparative analysis of the development and current practices of SRI on both sides of the Atlantic and discusses the future trends for SRI. The paper shows that SRI movements in both regions present some differences in terms of definitions, actors involved, vocabulary and motivations, and strategies implemented. However, they also share a common underlying purpose and seeking similar goals of improving corporations' policies and practices on social and environmental issues. Key words: Socially Responsible Investment, Europe, United States
    • Spillover effects of distribution grid tariffs in the internal electricity market: An argument for harmonization?

      Govaerts, Niels; Bruninx, Kenneth; Le Cadre, H.; Meeus, Leonardo; Delarue, Erik (2019)
      In many countries, distribution grid tariffs are being reformed to adapt to the new realities of an electricity system with distributed energy resources. In Europe, legislative proposals have been made to harmonize these reforms across country borders. Many stakeholders have argued that distribution tariffs are a local affair, while the EU institutions argued that there can be spillovers to other countries, which could justify a more harmonized approach. In this paper, we quantify these spillovers with a simplified numerical example to give an order of magnitude. We look at different scenarios, and find that the spillovers can be both negative and positive. We also illustrate that the relative size of the countries is an important driver for the significance of the effects. To be able to quantify these effects, we developed a long-run market equilibrium model that captures the wholesale market effects of distribution grid tariffs. The problem is formulated as a non-cooperative game involving consumers, generating companies and distribution system operators in a stylized electricity market.
    • Starting resource configurations of research-based start-ups and the interaction with technology, institutional background, and industrial dynamics

      Heirman, Ans; Clarysse, Bart; Van Den Haute, Vicky (2003)
      We study the starting resources of start-ups, which develop and market new products or services based upon a proprietary technology or skill. We define these companies as researchbased start-ups (RBSUs). We look at how technological, financial and human resources at founding cluster together to form different starting resource configurations. Using a unique hand-collected dataset of RBSUs in Belgium, we find four different types of starting configurations: “Venture Capital-backed start-ups,” “Prospectors,” “Product start-ups” and “Transitional start-ups”. This study shows that these different types of starting resource configurations are not only empirically distinct but can also be conceptually explained by internal factors such as the entrepreneurial orientation at start-up and external factors such as the origin of the firm and the characteristics of the industry in which the firm competes.
    • Strategic management at universities: similarities with business

      Abbott, Geoffrey; Subramanian, Venkat; Verdin, Paul (1998)
    • Strategic Targeting Effectiveness and The Growth of SMEs

      Deschoolmeester, Dirk; Schamp, Tom; Grymonpre, S. (2002)