• CSR in Belgium: the institutional context and practices

      Louche, Céline; Van Liedekerke, Luc; Everaert, Patricia; Leroy, D.; Rossy, A.; D'Huart, M. (2007)
      Corporate Social Responsibility is a quite recent concept in Belgium which has gained significant momentum since 1995. In May 1997, Belgium set up a legal framework for sustainable development. In April 2006, the government adopted a Reference Framework for CSR followed in 2007 by the CSR action plan. Next to governmental initiatives, the number of actors and platforms involved in CSR has significantly increased leading to the multiplication of CSR initiatives. However, it would be overoptimistic to state that CSR is a well and equally established concept and a set of practices among all Belgian companies. Indeed, CSR in Belgium offers great disparities and diversities. Based on multiple sources of information, the paper provides a descriptive and narrative view on CSR in Belgium, gradually leading towards reflection by the end of the paper. After a brief overview of the context for corporate social responsibility in Belgium, the paper investigates the different components that have been shaping CSR since the 1970s. Subsequently it zooms in to the CSR practices in Belgian companies. Finally, conclusions are drawn on the progress made in Belgium in the area of corporate social responsibility and the future prospects.
    • Customers' usage of self service technology in a retail setting

      Weijters, Bert; Schillewaert, Niels; Rangarajan, Deva; Falk, Tomas (2005)
      The last decade has seen an increased focus by retailers on using new technologies to deliver their services. The introduction of self-service technologies (SSTs) opens up for retailers the potential of improving productivity and service quality while cutting costs. However previous forays by retailers to get their customers to try these self-service technologies have not been proven to be quite successful. Previous empirical research on the usage of technology based self-services has mainly focused on antecedents of attitude towards and corresponding behavioral intentions to use. However, little empirical research has linked these variables to actual behavior in a real life setting. To address these issues, we collected a combination of survey and observational data using self-scanning lanes as objects of investigation. We identify ease of use, usefulness, fun, and reliability as drivers of attitude towards the SST, which in turn significantly predict actual usage of the SST. We also extend previous research by focusing on the moderating effects of age, education and gender as key demographic variables. Finally, we contribute to the literature by studying the consequences of SST use from the customers' point of view. Keywords: self-service technology, retailing, consumer attitudes and behavior
    • De lerende organisatie: organisatiedesign voor het jaar 2000

      Van den Broeck, Herman; Van Assche, Erik; Vanderheyden, Karlien (1992)
    • Dealing with uncertainties when governing CSR policy networks

      Lepoutre, Jan; Dentchev, Nikolay A.; Heene, Aimé (2005)
    • Decarbonizing the European electric power sector by 2050: A tale of three studies

      Delarue, Erik; Meeus, Leonardo; Belmans, Ronnie; D'haeseleer, William; Glachant, Jean-Michel (2011)
    • Designing interfaces by Information Mapping

      Bernsen, N. O.; Verjans, Steven (1995)
    • Determinants of negotiators's initial offer

      Buelens, Marc; Van Poucke, Dirk (2001)
    • Development of the loss aversion questionnaire

      De Baets, Shari; Buelens, Marc (2012)
    • Differences between private and public sector employees' psychological contracts

      Willem, Annick; De Vos, Ans; Buelens, Marc (2007)
      The extent to which private and public sector employees differ in the importance they attach to different types of inducements being part of their employment deal and their evaluations of these inducements is studied. We focus on five content dimensions of the psychological contract: career development opportunities, job content, financial rewards, social atmosphere and respect for private life. Data from a survey of 4956 Belgian employees show that, compared to private sector employees, public sector employees are motivated by other inducements. In particular, they attach less importance to career development opportunities and financial rewards promises in their psychological contracts, and perceive these promises as less fulfilled. Keywords: psychological contract, public sector employees, private sector employees, motivation
    • Different positive feelings leading to different ad evaluations: the case of coziness, excitement and romance

      Faseur, Tine; Geuens, Maggie (2005)
      This study contributes to the debate about the valence-based versus the multi-dimensional views of feelings. By conducting an experiment using 317 subjects, we compared the differential impact of three different positive feelings on ad effectiveness. Support for the multi-dimensional view of feelings was found in the sense that ad- and context-evoked coziness, excitement and romance had a different impact on attitudes to ads. Moreover, in the area of context effects further support for the multi-dimensional view of feelings was found: the exciting, the romantic and the cozy ads scored best after recounting a feeling-congruent story.
    • Digital strategy, the next level

      Muylle, Steve (2019)
      Digital Transformation is hot. In what way will digital developments contribute to the strategy and growth of your organisation? How do you develop digital challenges into digital success? In this white paper you will learn all about the core principles of a strong digital strategy. Are you ready to compete in a rapidly changing world? Read this white paper and tackle your organisational’s growth in a smart way.
    • Diversity, performance, and the influence of study-related variables: a meta-analysis

      van Dijk, Hans; Van Engen, Marloes; van Knippenberg, Daan (2009)
    • Do human capital and fund characteristics drive follow-up behaviour of early stage high-tech VCs?

      Knockaert, Mirjam; Lockett, Andy; Clarysse, Bart; Wright, Mike (2005)
      This paper uses a unique dataset to examine the neglected but important issue concerning the relationship between the human capital and fund characteristics of venture capitalists and post-investment follow-up behavior in early stage high tech investments. We found no indication that involvement in monitoring activities by the investment manager is determined by either fund or human capital characteristics. In relation to value-adding activities, human capital variables were the most important, with previous consulting experience and entrepreneurial experience contributing to a higher involvement in value-adding activities. Furthermore, the diversity of an investment manager's portfolio was negatively related to involvement in value-adding activities. Finally, with respect to fund level characteristics, we found that investment managers of captive funds were less involved in value-adding activities. Keywords: venture capital, early stage high tech firms, post-investment follow-up behavior, human capital, fund characteristics
    • Do intangible assets and pre-founding R&D efforts matter for innovation speed in start-ups?  

      Heirman, Ans; Clarysse, Bart (2004)
      The launch of the first product is an important event for start-ups, because it takes the new venture closer to growth, profitability and financial independence. However, entrepreneurship literature lacks theory and data on new product development and innovation speed. Integrating insights form new product development literature with resource-based theory, we construct a conceptual framework concerning the antecedents of innovation speed in start-ups. In particular, we argue that pre-founding R&D efforts and intangible assets such as team tenure, experience of founders, and collaborations with third parties are important for innovation speed. We collected a unique dataset on 99 research-based start-ups (RBSUs) and use an event-history approach to test our model. We find that RBSUs differ significantly in their starting conditions and that these differences have a significant effect on the time it takes to launch the first product. The impact of starting conditions on innovation speed differs however between software, medical-related, telecom and other technologies. Although intuition suggests that start-ups that are further in the product development cycle at founding launch their first product faster, we find that software firms starting with a beta-version experience slower product launch. Next, it is shown that team tenure and experience of founders leads to faster product launch. Contrary to expectations, alliances with other firms do not significantly affect innovation speed and collaborations with universities lead to longer development times. The insights of this study enhance our understanding of product development processes in start-ups and the differences between slow growers and fast growers. Keywords: Intangible assets, New Product Development and Start-Ups