• Is design-manufacturing integration that important?

      Vandevelde, Anneke; Van Dierdonck, Roland; Clarysse, Bart; Debackere, Koenraad (Vlerick Business School, 2002)
      There is limited empirical evidence to support the importance of design-manufacturing (DM) integration on the performance of new product development projects. This article focuses on the impact of integration processes and their outcomes on multidimensional project performance. When considering integration as interaction processes, we find that the degree of interaction is positively correlated with respect for time and prestige. If one succeeds in smoothing the production start-up, which is an outcome of integration, a better respect for time, budget and technical specifications is realized. Finally, we provide some insights into the perceived room to improve integration. Even though perceptions do not always correspond with reality, it is interesting to examine them since product development decisions are often taken in response to an individual's perceptions (Kleinschmidt & Cooper, 1995).
    • Is gender stereotyping in advertising more prevalent in masculine countries? A cross-national analysis

      De Wulf, Kristof; Odekerken-Schröder, Gaby; Hofstee, Natascha (Vlerick Business School, 2003)
      The objective of this study is to test whether gender stereotyping in printed advertising is more prevalent in masculine as opposed to feminine countries. We consider this to be important, as advertising is generally more influential than literature in spreading stereotypical ideas given its high accessibility. Moreover, the way in which sexes are portrayed in advertising affects people's perceptions of gender roles in real life. Using content analysis, we collected empirical data on gender stereotyping of women depicted in 946 printed advertisements from two European countries widely differing in their level of masculinity, the UK and the Netherlands. The results indicate that a country's masculinity index is hardly related to the use of gender stereotyping in printed advertising, potentially implying that other factors underlie the use of gender stereotyping. Key words: Gender stereotyping, UK and the Netherlands, advertising, content analysis, masculinity index
    • IT and SMEs: Literature overview

      Devos, Jan; Van Landeghem, Hendrik; Deschoolmeester, Dirk (2009)
    • Learning about small business profitability: the influence of management practices and owner-manager human capital 

      Maes, Johan; Sels, Luc; Roodhooft, Filip (Vlerick Business School, 2004)
      In a free market economy the importance of small business as a major job supplier, innovator and source of growth is widely recognized. Given the importance of small business for an economy, the survival, success and performance of these firms is an issue of continuous concern. Research that can lead to the identification of those factors associated with small business performance is of great interest to policy makers, owner-managers and their advisors. This article aims at detecting predictors of small business profitability. Our objective is to distinguish internal factors of small construction companies that enhance firm profitability. Based on the data of an empirical survey in the construction industry to which certified financial data has been added, this paper investigates the influence of owner-manager human capital characteristics and selected management practices on the profitability of small construction companies. For this purpose, we develop and test a structural model. Results indicate that industry experience and level of education of the owner-manager and management practices such as avoidance of cash credit and the use of actual costing systems contribute to higher profitability. Furthermore, owner-manager human capital characteristics influence profitability both directly and indirectly. Keywords: small business profitability, management practices, owner-manager human capital, structural model
    • Learning cultures on the fly - towards a global mindset

      Nardon, Luciara (2007)
      Recent technological advancements have pushed both the pace and complexity of globalization to new heights, making it possible to collaborate—or compete—globally from anywhere in the world, regardless of one's country of origin or cultural background. This presents important challenges to managers which must deal effectively with a wide variety of cultures. Traditional prescriptions based on adaptation are no longer sufficient given the speed in which new intercultural interactions take place. Newer prescriptions based on developing a global mindset are time consuming and do not address immediate issues facing managers. This paper addresses this conundrum by suggesting global managers must learn to learn cultures in action, that is, “learn cultures on the fly”. Implications are discussed.
    • Learning mode of small business owners

      Willem, Annick; Van den Broeck, Herman (2007)
      The aim of the paper is to explore the learning mode of small business owners, from a theoretical stance, and based on empirical evidence. We distinguish between the required learning mode, the actual learning mode and the supported learning mode. Data were collected using the focus group method in a very heterogeneous sample of Belgian small business owners. The results indicate several gaps between the required, actual and supported learning modes, of which many are due to unawareness of learning needs and lack of reflective learning among small business owners. The data also indicate among others that solutions to fill learning gaps proposed in the literature are not applicable to all owners, e.g. not all owners are able to learn through networks. Keywords: Belgium, learning capability, learning mode, learning gaps, learning process, learning support, reflective learning, research paper, small business owners, focus groups
    • Life insurance securisation in Europe: an overview on the effects of resources and its relation to regulator and IFRS guidelines

      Walhof, Pieter; Dorsman, André B.; Thibeault, André (Nyenrode Business Universiteit, 2005)
    • Linking behavioral control to frontline employee commitment and performance: a test of two alternative explanations using motivation theories

      Dewettinck, Koen; Buyens, Dirk (2006)
      We propose and empirically test a model in which behavioral control is linked to frontline employee commitment and performance. We test two alternative explanations by examining the intermediate role of job autonomy and situational learning orientation. The hypotheses are tested using multiple-source survey data from a sample of 1184 frontline employees and their supervisors. Results indicate that situational learning orientation is an important construct in linking behavioral control to performance. Job autonomy shows to be important in explaining employee outcomes but is only marginally related to behavioral control. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.
    • Linking cognitive styles and values

      Van den Broeck, Herman; Vanderheyden, Karlien; Cools, Eva (Vlerick Business School, 2003)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between cognitive styles and values. Cognitive styles and values are both frequently studied domains, but the relationship between these concepts has been investigated rarely. Individuals increasingly become points of reference in the shaping of values and attitudes. Moreover, people are confronted with more alternatives. Hence, cognitive styles are becoming more important, since they are the vehicles for choosing relevant information and for building our value system. To study differences in cognitive styles the profoundly investigated analytic-holistic dimension was used. Examination of values was based on the theory of Schwarz (1992, 1994). 15,616 Belgian citizens filled out our self-developed questionnaire. The results revealed different value patterns for analytic and holistic thinkers, indicating that analytic people were more conservative, while holistic people were more open to change. Moreover, two types of analytic thinkers (knowing and planning style) were identified, each attaching importance to different values. As to the dimension of self-transcendence versus self-enhancement, a significant difference was found between the two types of analytic thinkers, as well as between analytic and holistic individuals. Keywords: cognitive styles, values, individual differences
    • Linking job motivating potential to frontline employee attitudes and performance: testing the mediating role of psychological empowerment

      Dewettinck, Koen; Buyens, Dirk (2006)
      In this study, we relate job motivating potential to frontline employee job satisfaction, affective commitment and performance levels and test the mediating role of psychological empowerment. Based on a sample of 1129 employee - supervisor dyads, we found that employee psychological empowerment fully mediates the relationship between job motivating potential and the outcome variables. Our findings confirm the importance of job design approaches to empowering employees. Next to proposing potential avenues for further research, we discuss some suggestions on how to put job redesign strategies into practice. Keywords: empowerment, job motivating potential, employee performance, mediation