• Managing the design-manufacturing interface

      Vandevelde, Anneke; Van Dierdonck, Roland; Clarysse, Bart (Vlerick Business School, 2002)
      This article describes the major barriers across the design-manufacturing interface and examines ways to overcome them to achieve a smooth production start-up. An integration model reveals that formalization facilitates a smooth production start-up. Independent of the degree of formalization during the early development stages, a formal approach is preferred when the new product is introduced into production. Another facilitating factor is the empathy from design towards manufacturing, which can be stimulated by managerial actions. Although the complexity and newness of product and technology hinder a smooth production start-up, their effect seems to vanish by introducing formalization and by striving for a design team that has empathy towards manufacturing.
    • Managing the psychological contract of graduate recruits: a challenge for human resource management

      Buyens, Dirk; De Vos, Ans (UGent, Fac. Economie & Bedrijfskunde, 2001)
    • Managing with style: a qualitative study on how cognitve styles influence managerial behaviour

      Cools, Eva; Van den Broeck, Herman (2006)
      Our study aims to contribute to an enhanced understanding of how cognitive styles, being individual preferences for perceiving and processing information, influence managerial behaviour using a qualitative approach. Based on content analysis of written testimonies of 100 managers, we found interesting differences between managers with a knowing, planning, and creating style with regard to both task-oriented behaviour (decision making) and people-oriented behaviour (conflict management, interpersonal relationships). Although the tasks of different managers are largely the same, our study demonstrates that not all managers execute their job in the same way. Our results complement previous quantitative research on the link between cognitive styles and managerial behaviour. Although there is a wide theoretical and empirical interest in cognitive styles, qualitative studies that might provide further support to the practical relevance of cognitive styles for organisations is currently lacking. Because of the pivotal role of strong management and executive leadership on employee attitudes and financial performance, it is important to better understand the manager's characteristics. Our results may contribute to increased managerial self-awareness about the impact of their individual preferences on their management style. Keywords: cognitive styles, managerial job, qualitative study
    • Market feedback, cost system choice and competitve pricing: the advantage of not being a leader

      Cardinaels, Eddy; Roodhooft, Filip; Warlop, Luk; Van Herck, Gustaaf (Vlerick Business School, 2004)
      This study experimentally investigates the value of cost report accuracy in an interactive pricing context. Market agents received feedback about their own profits via either a volume-based costing or a more accurate activity-based costing report. They also received a typical market report containing the performance of their rivals. While prior work suggested that market discipline and learning from salient competitors can overcome performance decrements due to inaccurate costing, our results imply that the corrective nature of market feedback depends on the decision maker's role in the competitive play. Compared to other participants, decision makers endowed with the role of a 'reputational' market leader are less effective in screening available market feedback because they predominantly fixate on their own cost data. Even when receiving biased volume-based costing, reputational leaders ignore valuable market signals of opponents having access to more accurate cost data. Consequently other market players can take advantage of them.
    • Measurement bias due to response styles: a structural equation model assessing the effects of modes of data-collection

      Weijters, Bert; Schillewaert, Niels; Geuens, Maggie (Vlerick Business School, 2004)
      This paper validates measures of response styles as latent variables using structural equation modeling. Next to measurement validation the main objective is to assess whether different modes of data collection bring along measurement bias due to response styles. Results indicate that Internet panel and telephone survey respondents do not show a higher yeah-saying tendency than do people responding to a postal mail survey. Participants in web panel surveys also use the range of rating scales similarly compared to postal mail participants. Telephone survey respondents used a wider range of rating scale options. This may be due to primacy and recency effects of the response options. Internet pop-up surveys seem to lead to more yeah-saying, while respondents also use a narrower range of the rating scale.
    • Meta-heuristic resource constrained project scheduling: solution space restrictions and neighbourhood extensions

      Debels, Dieter; Vanhoucke, Mario (2006)
      The resource-constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) has been extensively investigated during the past decades. Due to its strongly NP-hard status and the need for solving large realistic project instances, the recent focus has shifted from exact optimisation procedures to (meta-) heuristic approaches. In this paper, we extend some existing state-of-the-art RCPSP procedures in two ways. First, we extensively test a decomposition approach that splits problem instances into smaller sub-problems to be solved with an (exact or heuristic) procedure, and re-incorporates the obtained solutions for the sub-problems into the solution of the main problem, possibly leading to an overall better solution. Second, we study the influence of an extended neighbourhood search on the performance of a meta-heuristic procedure. Computational results reveal that both techniques are valuable extensions and lead to improved results.
    • Mobilizing cities towards a low carbon future: tambourines, carrots and sticks

      Meeus, Leonardo; Delarue, Erik (Florence School of Regulation, 2011)
    • Modeling the cost of achieving a renewable energy target: does it pay to cooperate across borders?

      Saguan, Marcelo; Meeus, Leonardo (Florence School of Regulation, 2011)
    • Modelling limited dependent variables: methods and guidelines for researchers in strategic management

      Bowen, Harry; Wiersema, Margarethe (Vlerick Business School, 2003)
      Research on strategic choices available to the firm are often modeled as a limited number of possible decision outcomes and leads to a discrete limited dependent variable. A limited dependent variable can also arise when values of a continuous dependent variable are partially or wholly unobserved. This chapter discusses the methodological issues associated with such phenomena and the appropriate statistical methods developed to allow for consistent and efficient estimation of models that involve a limited dependent variable. The chapter also provides a road map for selecting the appropriate statistical technique and it offers guidelines for consistent interpretation and reporting of the statistical results.
    • More management concepts in the academy. Internationalization as an organizational change process

      Kondakci, Yasar; Van den Broeck, Herman; Devos, Geert (2006)
      The purpose of this paper is to elaborate on the internationalization process in higher education as an organizational level managerial issue. This approach brings a new perspective to internationalization in higher education. This is believed to be a necessary step toward filling a gap in the internationalization of higher education discussions. Nevertheless, the purpose of the study is not to falsify the dominant discussion in the literature. Rather, adopting the organizational change process conceptualization, this paper aims to fill a gap in the ongoing discussion on internationalization in the literature. To do this, the authors adopted the commonly accepted organizational change model of Burke and Litwin (1992) and made a comprehensive discussion on both transformational (external environment, mission and strategy, leadership, and organizational culture) and transactional (structure, task requirements and individual skills, individual needs and values, motivation, management practices, systems, climate) domains of the model from the perspective of internationalization in higher education. This approach is expected to clarify process, content, and context aspects of internationalization, which is essential for successful internationalization implementation.
    • Multi-National or Multi-Regional: a new look at MNC and Globalization

      De Koning, A.; Subramanian, Venkat; Verdin, Paul (2000)
    • National institutions and the allocation of entrepreneurial effort

      Bowen, Harry; De Clercq, Dirk (2005)
      This paper examines how the allocation of entrepreneurial effort within a country is influenced by the country's institutional environment. We hypothesize that the likelihood that entrepreneurs launch a growth-oriented start-up is associated with the institutional environment in which entrepreneurs are embedded. We test our hypothesis using data on 44 countries over the three-year period from 2002 to 2004. The data are drawn from two sources: the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey. Our findings indicate that the likelihood of a growth-oriented start-up is positively related to a country's level of human capital targeted at entrepreneurship and the level of regulatory protection, but is negatively related to the extent of corruption and mistrust in public officials. JEL categories: D21, M13, O49 Keywords: institutions, entrepreneurship, resource, allocation
    • Navigating the culture theory jungle: divergence and convergence in models of national culture

      Nardon, Luciara (2006)
      Research on cultural differences in management has been facilitated and hindered by the existence of multiple models of national culture. In this paper we briefly review the most popular models of national culture, identify the convergences and divergences among them. We suggest that a clear need exists to seek convergence across the various models where it exists in ways that facilitate both research and meaningful cross-cultural comparisons. We seek such convergence by identifying five relative common themes that pervade the various models. Based on these themes, new country ratings are offered based on multiple evaluative strategies and tools.
    • Need for closure and media use and preference of youngsters

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (Vlerick Business School, 2005)
      This study examines the explanatory power of an individual difference variable, Need for Closure (NFCL) for media use and preferences for specific media, genres and channels. Results of the study show that high and low NFCL youngsters do not differ in the amount of time spent on cognitive undemanding media (TV, radio, music). However, high (versus low) NFCL youngsters engage less in cognitive effortful activities like reading newspapers and surfing the Internet. Furthermore, high and low NFCL youngsters have a preference for a similar scope of genres and channels. More specifically, high NFCL youngsters prefer well-respected, conventional and less cognitive complex genres and channels. Low NFCL youngsters prefer more alternative, non-conformists, critical and intellectually stimulating genres and channels. Results are discussed and practical implications are provided. Keywords: Media use, media preferences, individual differences, motivation
    • Need for closure and youngsters' leisure time preferences

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (Vlerick Business School, 2005)
      The Need for Closure is introduced as an individual characteristic that can help explain individual differences in engagement in leisure activities. Both a leisure engagement inventory and a validated Dutch version of the Need for Closure Scale were administered to a convenience sample of 1035 young adults aged between 15 and 24 of which about 54% were female. As hypothesized, leisure engagement differs for groups differing in Need for Closure. More specifically, youngsters who have a high (versus low) Need for Closure engaged more in structured, cognitively effortless and predictable leisure activities like shopping for fun and going to the cinema, while young adults low (versus high) in Need for Closure more often participated in unstructured, unpredictable, cognitively effortful or challenging leisure activities like going to a party, a pub, or a pop concert, idly lazing away, visiting or hosting friends, attending an evening class and playing computer games.
    • Need for closure, gender and social self-esteem of youngsters

      Vermeir, Iris; Geuens, Maggie (Vlerick Business School, 2005)
      The present study focuses on social self-esteem of youngsters (i.e. esteem derived from approval of others), a widespread, important pursuit of youngsters in modern society. More specifically, we explored the relationship between social self-esteem on the one hand, and an individual difference measure, Need for Closure, and gender on the other hand. Results show that NFCL and gender significantly relate to social self-esteem values like eagerness for approval and tranquility, achievement pressure and competence orientation, individualism, independency and appearance mindedness. NFCL and gender also affect youngster's social esteem related self-images. In addition, interesting interaction effects were identified. Limitations and directions for future research are suggested. Keywords: Need for Closure, Values, Self-Image, Gender, Social Self-Esteem.
    • New computational results for the discrete time/cost trade-off problem with time-switch constraints

      Vanhoucke, Mario (Vlerick Business School, 2002)
      Recently, time-switch constraints have been introduced in literature by Yang and Chen (2000). Basically, these constraints impose a specified starting time on the project activities and force them to be inactive during specified time periods. This type of constraints have been incorporated into the well-known discrete time/cost trade-off problem in order to cope with day, night and weekend shifts. In this paper, we propose a new branch-and-bound algorithm which outperforms the previous one by Vanhoucke et al. (2002a). The procedure makes use of a lower bound calculation for the discrete time/cost trade-off problem (without time-switch constraints). The procedure has been coded in Visual C++, version 6.0 under Windows 2000 and has been validated on a randomly generated problem set. Keywords: Project Management, CPM, Time/cost trade-off problem, Time-switch constraints.
    • New computational results for the nurse scheduling problem: A scatter search algorithm

      Maenhout, Broos; Vanhoucke, Mario (2006)
      In this paper, we present a scatter search algorithm for the well-known nurse scheduling problem (NSP). This problem aims at the construction of roster schedules for nurses taking both hard and soft constraints into account. The objective is to minimize the total preference cost of the nurses and the total penalty cost from violations of the soft constraints. The problem is known to be NP-hard. The contribution of this paper is threefold. First, we are, to the best of our knowledge, the first to present a scatter search algorithm for the NSP. Second, we investigate two different types of solution combination methods in the scatter search framework, based on four different cost elements. Last, we present detailed computational experiments on a benchmark dataset presented recently, and solve these problem instances under different assumptions. We show that our procedure performs consistently well under many different circumstances, and hence, can be considered as robust against case-specific constraints. Keywords: meta-heuristics, scatter search, nurse scheduling