Now showing items 21-40 of 6883

    • Making career initiative less risky for women

      Desmet, Lien; De Stobbeleir, Katleen (2022)
      In today’s changing world of work, an increasing group of individuals are actively taking charge of their careers inside or outside of organizations (Ashford et al., 2018; Parker & Collins, 2010). For these individuals, identity is a key resource that provides a structure to see and interpret the business context and to behave in it (Leary and Tangney, 2012; Markus, 1977). This symposium addresses identity for two specific groups that are currently receiving considerable attention in literature: organizational leaders and gig workers.
    • FD Mediagroup: Surviving digital disruption

      Verweire, Kurt; Viaene, Stijn (2022)
      The FD Mediagroep (FDMG) case describes how a leading local, niche newspaper company dealt with the challenges of digital disruption in the period 2011-2020. It describes both the actions taken at the corporate and business unit level and shows how FDMG has strengthened its core media business. Furthermore, the case describes how FDMG grew beyond its media core and unveils how the company decided to manage this new business division, and how it chose its operating model: Should the new business operate as an autonomous division or should the corporation actively pursue synergies with the other business divisions?
    • Private debt fund returns, persistence, and market conditions

      Böni, Pascal; Manigart, Sophie (Financial Analysts Journal, 2022)
      This paper examines net-of-fees private debt fund performance, performance persistence across funds managed by the same general partner and a general partner’s ability to time the market. We document that private debt funds outperform bond and equity market benchmarks in the cross-section, with high performance dispersion across strategies and performance quartiles. Lagged performance significantly affects current fund performance. While ex ante and ex post credit market conditions strongly affect fund performance, general partners can only partially time them.
    • The importance of board risk oversight in times of crisis.

      Dupire, Marion; Haddad, Christian; Slagmulder, Regine (Journal of Financial Services Research, 2022)
      This study investigates the relationship between board risk oversight practices at financial institutions in the EU and systemic risk during the sovereign debt crisis. More specifically, we examine whether European banks and insurance companies that had strong board-level risk oversight in place before the onset of the sovereign debt crisis fared better during the crisis. We construct a risk oversight index based on publicly available, hand-collected data, which captures the strength of the institutions' board-level risk governance practices. We find that financial institutions with stronger board risk oversight prior to the crisis were less vulnerable to the sovereign debt crisis, after controlling for other factors. The results are consistent and economically relevant for SRISK, probability of default, and Delta-CoVaR, three measures of systemic risk that are commonly used in the context of financial institutions.
    • The future of the rewards profession: Let the sleeping beauty rise

      Baeten, Xavier; Van Hove, Marthe (The Journal of Total Rewards, 2022)
      This paper presents and discusses the results of a survey among 126 reward professionals dealing with their profession's current and future state. The study looks at reward managers' current time occupations and competencies. It also takes a future perspective by looking at the importance of the different underlying reward principles for the future. Comparing the current with desired future state, the study provides a gap analysis, showing that employee vitality, the employee reward experience, remote working, recognition, reward communication, and data management are the main domains where skill development is needed. It shows that reward management is entering a new era, an era of more employee centricity.
    • Naar een open innovatiemodel in Vlaamse steden en gemeenten

      De Coninck, Ben; Viaene, Stijn; Leysen, Jan; Dumarey, Nathalie (2019)
      Steden en gemeenten staan voor belangrijke uitdagingen. Ondanks budgettaire restricties, wordt in toenemende mate verwacht dat de publieke sector digitaal leiderschap neemt. Digitalisering wordt beschouwd als een belangrijk instrument voor een slimme overheid met een publieke dienstverlening die offline en online elementen naadloos integreert. Nieuwe digitale technologieën, zoals blockchain of artificiële intelligentie, bieden bovendien belangrijke opportuniteiten om de efficiëntie en responsiviteit van de overheid te verbeteren. Het uitbouwen van een digitaal getransformeerde overheid, die ook inzet op andere maatschappelijke thema’s zoals duurzaamheid, is een heuse uitdaging. “No matter who you are, most of the smartest people work for someone else.” –Bill Joy (Wet van Joy) Open innovatie kan een belangrijke katalysator zijn om de opportuniteiten van zulke transformaties in de overheid te verzilveren. Open innovatie start vanuit de erkenning dat innovatieve kennis wijdverspreid is in de samenleving, en verwijst naar het openen van de interne innovatieprocessen naar externe kennisbronnen. Door zich strategisch te positioneren in een innovatie-ecosysteem kan de overheid gebruik maken van kennis die buiten de organisatiegrenzen aanwezig is om haar maatschappelijke rol beter te volbrengen. Open innoveren verschuift de rol van overheden van probleemoplosser naar oplossingszoeker – eerder dan problemen te lijf te gaan met enkel de interne middelen, wordt een oplossing gezocht door gebruik te maken van innovatieve kennis die intern én extern aanwezig is. Het aanboren van zulke externe kennis omvat veelal een brede groep innovatieve actoren die in het verleden niet of weinig in contact kwamen met overheidsorganisaties, zoals startups, KMOs/MKBs, niet-gouvernementele organisaties en burgers. KEY TAKEAWAY: Belangrijke uitdagingen voor steden en gemeenten kunnen best worden aangegaan door externe innovatieve actoren te betrekken. Een ecosysteem-visie op innovatie laat toe om zowel interne als externe kennis in te zetten.
    • The importance of corporate reputation for sustainable supply chains: A systematic literature review, bibliometric mapping, and research agenda

      von Berlepsch, David; Lemke, Fred; Gorton, Matthew (Journal of Business Ethics, 2022)
      Corporate Reputation (CR) is essential to value generation and is co-created between a company and its stakeholders, including supply chain actors. Consequently, CR is a critical and valuable resource that should be managed carefully along supply chains. However, the current CR literature is fragmented, and a general definition of CR is elusive. Besides, the academic CR debate largely lacks a supply chain perspective. This is not surprising, as it is very difficult to collect reliable data along supply chains. When supply chains span the globe, data collection is especially challenging, as the chain consists of multiple suppliers and subcontractors, positioned at different tier levels. Recognizing this, the paper examines firstly the current state of CR research through a systematic literature review from a business perspective. The review is combined with a bibliometric mapping approach to show the most influential research clusters, representative of CR research streams and their contributors. This process highlights that the connection between CR and supply chain issues represents a major research gap. Consequently, this paper introduces a research agenda connecting these the two traditionally separated research fields.
    • A time-driven activity-based costing analysis of motion analysis in adult spinal deformity

      Jacobs, Karel; Severijns, P.; Overbergh, T.; Moke, L.; Cardoen, Brecht; Roodhooft, Filip; Kesteloot, K. (Gait & Posture, 2022)
      A novel motion analysis (MA) protocol for patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has been developed within our institution with the overall goal of improving functional outcomes through improved treatment planning and better-informed decision making. However, insights into the required costs are needed to facilitate adoption as part of standard care and associated discussions on reimbursement. Moreover, such insights can inform further adaptations of the initial research MA protocol (RMA) to a more compact clinical MA (CMA).
    • Why middle managers struggle to implement DEI strategies

      Gorbatai, Andreea; Boros, Smaranda; Ullman, Katherine (Harvard Business Review, 2022)
      To successfully achieve DEI change, organizational leaders must understand the implementation challenges faced by middle managers and incorporate their specific needs into policy development. The authors identify two key tensions faced by middle managers — the autonomy vs. control tension, and the short-term vs. long-term tension — and offer strategies for leaders to help middle managers navigate them.
    • Antecedents of the intention to adopt crowdsourcing for innovation in government: Findings from Belgium and the Netherlands

      De Coninck, Ben; Viaene, Stijn; Leysen, Jan (Government Information Quarterly, 2022)
      Crowdsourcing is a form of IT-enabled open innovation that has received increased attention in recent years. However, the use of crowdsourcing in public innovation is still in its early stages. To understand the adoption of crowdsourcing in government, this article investigates the antecedents of the intention to adopt crowdsourcing in government organizations. The adoption intention is conceptualized as a rationalistic, goal-directed decision that is driven by multiple strategic intents but tempered by transaction costs. Three strategic intents (accessing complementary knowledge, enhancing organizational legitimacy, and reducing innovation costs) and two transaction costs (codification costs, and broadcasting costs) are hypothesized as antecedents to the adoption intention. Data (n = 205) from municipalities in Belgium and the Netherlands shows that the adoption intention can be explained by the influence of the political executive, the pursuit of organizational legitimacy, and transaction costs associated with broadcasting. Accessing complementary knowledge, reducing innovation costs, and codification costs are not significant predictors. The findings suggest that crowdsourcing is viewed as a tool for political alignment and legitimation.
    • How accounting ends: Self-undermining repetition in accounting life cycles

      Palermo, Tommaso; Power, Michael; Ashby, Simon (Contemporary Accounting Research, 2022)
      This study develops a process model of how accounting may come to an end. Grounded in a longitudinal study of a risk culture survey, this model focuses on the dynamics that underpin the repetition of accounting practices, and sheds light on two boundary conditions of successful repetition and continuation, which are in tension with each other. On the one hand, there are pressures for repetition that preserves continuity and comparability. On the other hand, there is the ongoing organizational need to adjust accounting practices. Iterating between the case study findings, social studies of accounting, and the sociology of replication in scientific practice, the model shows how moving too close to either boundary increases the risk that repetition undermines the accounting practice being repeated: “perfect repetition” may be perceived as uninteresting and decision-irrelevant; very “imperfect repetition” may be perceived as something too different and idiosyncratic, and hence also decision-irrelevant. As a result, the analysis extends a rich literature that has examined empirical instances of failure of the conditions that sustain the repeatability of accounting practices. Via the theory of “self-undermining repetition,” this study shows how the possibilities for accounting's ending are paradoxically inherent in the very act of repetition. This notion of “self-undermining repetition” is deepened by a discussion of how it may be affected by four contingencies: task ambiguity, organizational politics, organizational actors' reflexivity, and external networks of support. Overall, the analysis of the self-undermining dynamics of repetition and related contingencies contrasts with research that foregrounds the constitutive nature of repeated uses of accountings. It shows how repetition may also undermine, rather than cumulatively consolidate, accounting practices.
    • Collateral damage: The relationship between high-salience events and variation in racial discrimination

      Gorbatai, Andreea; Younkin, Peter; Burtch, Gordon (Organization Science, 2022)
      To what extent are individual or organizational biases affected by racially salient events? We propose that acts of discrimination and the individual biases that undergird them are sensitive to high-salience events and will oscillate with the salience of the focal attribute. In short, that the propensity to discriminate reflects both individual and environmental differences, and therefore a given person may become more prone to discriminate in the aftermath of a high-salience event. We test our hypothesis in three online experiments that examine how varying the salience of race affects the evaluation of in-group or out-group founders. We find that respondents evaluate their in-group members more favorably, and out-group members less favorably, when exposed to a high-salience event, which translates into a significant disadvantage for the minority (African American) group. We complement these studies with an assessment of how police shootings affect fundraising outcomes on Kickstarter to confirm the external validity of our findings. Together, these studies indicate that racially salient events depress the quality evaluations and success odds of African American entrepreneurs relative to others. Hence, discrimination levels can be affected by salient yet unrelated events, and such events are consequential for the economic fortunes of individuals belonging to minority and disadvantaged groups.
    • Making space for emotions: Empathy, contagion, and legitimacy’s double-edged sword

      Gorbatai, Andreea; Dioun, Cyrus; Lashley, Kisha (Organization Science, 2021)
      Legitimacy is critical to the formation and expansion of nascent fields because it lends credibility and recognizability to once overlooked actors and practices. At the same time, legitimacy can be a double-edged sword precisely because it facilitates field growth, attracting actors with discrepant practices that may lead to factionalization and undermine the coherence of the field’s collective identity. In this paper, we investigate how organizations can mitigate the downside of legitimation by eliciting emotions that align increasingly discrepant actors and celebrate an inclusive collective identity. We leverage fieldwork and computational text analysis to examine the relationship between legitimation, collective identity coherence, and emotions in the context of the Makers, a nascent field of do-it-yourself hobbyists and technology hackers. In our quantitative analysis we show that legitimation was associated with increased field heterogeneity, but that collective events countered the diluting effects of legitimation. In the qualitative analysis of our interview data we demonstrate that activities at these events—demonstrations and hands-on experiences—elicited emotional contagion and empathy among actors. These emotions reconciled tensions among increasingly heterogeneous actors and bolstered the coherence of the Maker collective identity. We conclude by discussing our contribution to research on legitimacy, collective identity, and field-configuring events.
    • Fluvius research chair in resilient supply chains (2010-2020). Research carried out by the vlerick business school centre of excellence in supply chain management

      Samii, Behzad; Ümit, Hakan; Meyers, Kris; Li, Lingxin; Varganova, Olga; Andersen, Stephen (2020)
      Our mission is the use of rigorous supply chain management research methods and smart meter data analytics to efficiently manage energy supply and proactively shape energy demand for a resilient energy supply chain. Our core research tracks included: * Impact of smart meters on the Eandis & Fluvius business model * Supply Chain Management approach to provision of smart gas and electricity meters * Design For Supply Chain in product development and employee training programs * Design For Supply Chain in the smart meter project * Creating value through new flow control mechanisms and data availability
    • Managing physical assets: A systematic review and a sustainable perspective

      Sandu, Georgiana; Varganova, Olga; Samii, Behzad (International Journal of Production Research, 2022)
      Contemporary organisations recognise the need for Anthropocene disruptions and transform their business models, restructure their operations, and re-engineer their supply chains to attain greater sustainable objectives and a strong ESG (environmental-social-governance) proposition. Indeed, physical asset management shifted from the negative image associated with asset failure, expensive maintenance, and decommissioning to an enabler of sustainability that allows us to create and capture value from extended lifetime, renewed functions, and increased awareness. In this direction, this study follows a systematic reviewing process enabled by text analytics methods to identify the means and approaches to build a sustainable perspective for physical asset management. Our key contributions and insights are supported by statistics and key features extracted from over 2800 journal articles. We particularly emphasise the research footprint, the evolution, and research trends of the two most asset-intensive sectors (i.e. construction and energy) represented as barri ers and enablers of sustainable development. Lacking a unified perspective of the field, this study proposes a conceptual framework that adopts an asset-within-a-system perspective, recognises the links between the stakeholders and holistically integrates the extracted research trends. The knowledge provided here positions physical asset management as a key resource in achieving competitive the advantage in the framework of sustainable development
    • Buyers' perspectives on improving performance and curtailing supplier opportunism in supplier development: A social exchange theory approach

      Tran, Phuong; Gorton, Matthew; Lemke, Fred (Industrial Marketing Management, 2022)
      Supplier development initiatives, instituted by buyers, may have both positive (performance improvement) and negative (supplier opportunism) outcomes. Consequently, it is important to understand the factors that increase the likelihood of positive outcomes and decrease supplier opportunism. Drawing on Social Exchange Theory, we introduce and validate a model whereby socially embedded commitments mediate the effects of investment in suppliers on supply chain outcomes. Structural Equation Modelling, utilizing a sample of 204 buyers in the fruit and vegetable supply chain in Vietnam, indicates that supplier development not only improves buyer performance, but also simultaneously increases supplier opportunism. However, the degree to which supplier development initiatives lead to positive or negative consequences depends on goal congruence and long-term orientation. The design of supplier development initiatives should, thus, be geared to fostering suppliers' long-term orientation and goal congruence between parties.
    • Imitation behavior of junior auditors: Does it enhance or hamper audit quality?

      Cardinaels, Eddy; Stouthuysen, Kristof; Reusen, Evelien; Darmawan, Viola (2022)
      Audit standard setters and regulators highlight the importance of providing appropriate on-the-job training and coaching for junior auditors by more senior auditors (e.g., IAASB 2014). Senior auditors play an important role in knowledge transfers towards junior auditors (e.g., Andioli et al. 2019; Bol et al. 2018; Cannon 2016; DeFond and Zhang 2014; Emby et al. 2019; Francis 2011; Howieson et al. 2014; Westermann et al. 2015).
    • The role of social factors in purchase journey in the social commerce era

      Shirazi, Farid; Hajli, Nick; Sims, Julian; Lemke, Fred (Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2022)
      This research examines the influence of information sharing amongst consumers on e-commerce platforms. On this basis, we develop a model for predicting consumers' purchase decisions on social commerce platforms. We use PLS-SEM to analyse online and paper surveys from 310 consumers. The findings suggest that social commerce information sharing increases consumer perceptions of familiarity, perceived ease of use, and perceived usefulness of social commerce platforms. Consumer learning and training of social commerce systems also increased their stated intention to purchase using the platform. We theorise the rise of the hyper-informed consumer that conducts pre-purchase product and shopping platform research to improve purchasing outcomes and as a form of socialising. The authors explain the theoretical contributions and practical implications at the end of the paper.
    • Putting manufacturing on the offensive

      De Meyer, Arnoud; Ferdows, Kasra; Vereecke, Ann (Production and Operations Management, 2022)
      The path for elevating the role of manufacturing in the company strategy in the last few decades has been rather clear: improve the basic production capabilities—typically quality, reliability, lead times, and cost efficiency of production processes. Leading Japanese companies, like Toyota, showed the way. But as many have heeded the advice and followed suit, this approach has become essentially a defensive strategy; you must do it not to fall behind. Has manufacturing lost its potential to create capabilities on which a company's strategy can rest? Our answer is absolutely not. In fact, unlike before, manufacturing has multiple paths for creating a competitive advantage and these paths require development of new and often non-traditional capabilities. We identify five sets of new capabilities, and since it is hard to excel in all of them, we provide a framework for choosing the right mix depending on the company's business strategy. The framework focuses on the implications of two recent trends: increasing information density embedded in products and increasing connectedness of manufacturing processes. We suggest specific mixes of the five groups of capabilities that can support and accelerate a company's strategy to exploit these trends. We use examples from three multinationals to illustrate the process. These new opportunities change the traditional role of manufacturing executives. Their focus will need to shift exceedingly to collaborating and interfacing with colleagues in other functions as well as managing relationships beyond the boundaries of the company.
    • Barco ClickShare: Introducing the next-generation meeting experience

      Standaert, Willem; Muylle, Steve (2021)
      Barco - a global technology leader in industrial visualization solutions - pioneered the category of wireless presentation systems for business meetings with its launch of ClickShare in 2012. Barco ClickShare rendered cables in the meeting room redundant, enabling meeting participants to share their laptop, tablet or smartphone screens wirelessly on the meeting room display. Over time, the Barco ClickShare product portfolio had evolved to 5 models, each targeted at a different type of meeting room - from huddle to board room. After 7 years of stellar growth, ClickShare was at a pivotal point: It had to sustain its momentum and double the number of units sold in three years' time, while driving meeting technology innovation and spearheading the next generation digital meeting experience. The case is situated at the beginning of 2020 and describes how the first two generations of Barco ClickShare products were brought to market, resulting in an installed base of 750,000 units across the world, with a presence in over 40% of the Fortune 1000 companies. In the case, three key executives of Barco's Meeting Experience business unit appraise how ClickShare evolved in terms of product design, market definition, value proposition, pricing, distribution, and communication, and discuss the competition. Given the changing market conditions and competitive dynamics, the executives set out to further digitize the product line, which raised two important strategic issues: What should the next-generation ClickShare experience be and how to bring the digitized product line to market?